Document
UNITED STATES
SECURITIES AND EXCHANGE COMMISSION
Washington, D.C. 20549
FORM 10-Q
(Mark One) 
ý
QUARTERLY REPORT PURSUANT TO SECTION 13 OR 15(d) OF THE SECURITIES EXCHANGE ACT OF 1934
 
For the quarterly period ended:          June 30, 2018
or
¨
TRANSITION REPORT PURSUANT TO SECTION 13 OR 15(d) OF THE SECURITIES EXCHANGE ACT OF 1934
 
For the transition period from ________________ to ________________
 
Commission File Number: 001-34891
 
The KEYW Holding Corporation
(Exact name of registrant as specified in its charter)
 
Maryland
 
27-1594952
(State or other jurisdiction of
incorporation or organization)
 
(I.R.S. Employer
Identification No.)
 
 
 
7740 Milestone Parkway, Suite 400
Hanover, Maryland
 
21076
(Address of principal executive offices)
 
(Zip Code)
 
(443) 733-1600
(Registrant’s telephone number, including area code) 
Indicate by check mark whether the registrant (1) has filed all reports required to be filed by Section 13 or 15(d) of the Securities Exchange Act of 1934 during the preceding 12 months (or for such shorter period that the registrant was required to file such reports), and (2) has been subject to such filing requirements for the past 90 days. Yes ý       No ¨ 
Indicate by check mark whether the registrant has submitted electronically and posted on its corporate Web site, if any, every Interactive Data File required to be submitted and posted pursuant to Rule 405 of Regulation S-T during the preceding 12 months (or for such shorter period that the registrant was required to submit and post such files). Yes ý       No ¨ 
Indicate by check mark whether the registrant is a large accelerated filer, an accelerated filer, a non-accelerated filer, a smaller reporting company, or an emerging growth company. See the definitions of “large accelerated filer,” “accelerated filer,” “smaller reporting company,” and “emerging growth company” in Rule 12b-2 of the Exchange Act.
Large accelerated filer ¨
Accelerated filer x
Non-accelerated filer ¨ (Do not check if smaller reporting company)
Smaller reporting company ¨
 
Emerging growth company ¨
 
If an emerging growth company, indicate by check mark if the registrant has elected not to use the extended transition period for complying with any new or revised financial accounting standards provided pursuant to Section 13(a) of the Exchange Act. ¨
Indicate by check mark whether the registrant is a shell company (as defined in Rule 12b-2 of the Exchange Act).
Yes ¨             No ý
 There were 49,878,890 shares of our common stock ($0.001 par value), outstanding as of July 25, 2018.



TABLE OF CONTENTS
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 



PART I - FINANCIAL INFORMATION

ITEM 1.    FINANCIAL STATEMENTS
THE KEYW HOLDING CORPORATION AND SUBSIDIARIES

Condensed Consolidated Balance Sheets (unaudited)
(In thousands, except par value per share amounts) 
 
June 30, 2018
 
December 31, 2017
ASSETS
 

 
 

Current assets:
 

 
 

Cash and cash equivalents
$
27,935

 
$
17,832

Accounts receivable, net
29,476

 
49,880

Unbilled receivables, net
65,326

 
37,785

Inventories, net
25,606

 
24,337

Prepaid expenses
2,403

 
2,266

Income tax receivable
489

 
210

Total current assets
151,235

 
132,310

 
 
 
 
Property and equipment, net
30,975

 
36,141

Goodwill
455,197

 
455,197

Other intangibles, net
50,366

 
57,045

Other assets
3,342

 
2,913

TOTAL ASSETS
$
691,115

 
$
683,606

LIABILITIES AND STOCKHOLDERS’ EQUITY
 

 
 

Current liabilities:
 

 
 

Accounts payable
$
14,447

 
$
25,609

Accrued expenses
18,469

 
17,862

Accrued salaries and wages
24,696

 
29,341

Term loan – current portion, net of discount
1,300

 
6,750

Deferred revenue
5,516

 
6,090

Total current liabilities
64,428

 
85,652

 
 

 
 

Convertible senior notes, net of discount
21,524

 
138,998

Term loan – non-current portion, net of discount
281,975

 
120,627

Deferred tax liability, net
16,290

 
19,367

Other non-current liabilities
10,646

 
11,444

TOTAL LIABILITIES
394,863

 
376,088

Commitments and contingencies


 


Stockholders’ equity:
 

 
 

Preferred stock, $0.001 par value; 5,000 shares authorized, none issued

 

Common stock, $0.001 par value; 100,000 shares authorized, 49,881 and 49,876 shares issued and outstanding
50

 
50

Additional paid-in capital
427,423

 
422,901

Accumulated deficit
(131,221
)
 
(115,433
)
Total stockholders’ equity
296,252

 
307,518

TOTAL LIABILITIES AND STOCKHOLDERS’ EQUITY
$
691,115

 
$
683,606




The accompanying notes to the consolidated financial statements are an integral part of these condensed consolidated financial statements. 
3


THE KEYW HOLDING CORPORATION AND SUBSIDIARIES

Condensed Consolidated Statements of Operations (unaudited)
(In thousands, except per share amounts)
 
 
Three months ended June 30,
 
Six months ended June 30,
 
2018
 
2017
 
2018
 
2017
Revenue
$
128,140

 
$
124,058

 
$
253,882

 
$
192,314

Cost of revenue, excluding amortization
95,825

 
94,528

 
190,041

 
142,646

Operating expenses
25,889

 
36,476

 
52,807

 
56,891

Intangible amortization expense
2,738

 
3,604

 
6,679

 
5,254

Operating income (loss)
3,688

 
(10,550
)
 
4,355

 
(12,477
)
Interest expense, net
5,907

 
4,914

 
10,734

 
7,523

Loss on extinguishment of debt
11,429

 

 
11,429

 

Other non-operating income
(127
)
 
(137
)
 
(132
)
 
(129
)
Loss before income taxes
(13,521
)
 
(15,327
)
 
(17,676
)
 
(19,871
)
Income tax (benefit) expense, net
(2,127
)
 
3,059

 
(2,884
)
 
3,059

Net loss
$
(11,394
)
 
$
(18,386
)
 
$
(14,792
)
 
$
(22,930
)
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Weighted average common shares outstanding
 

 
 

 
 

 
 

Basic
49,872

 
49,546

 
49,865

 
48,061

Diluted
49,872

 
49,546

 
49,865

 
48,061

 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Loss per share
 

 
 

 
 

 
 

Basic
$
(0.23
)
 
$
(0.37
)
 
$
(0.30
)
 
$
(0.48
)
Diluted
$
(0.23
)
 
$
(0.37
)
 
$
(0.30
)
 
$
(0.48
)
 



The accompanying notes to the consolidated financial statements are an integral part of these condensed consolidated financial statements. 
4


THE KEYW HOLDING CORPORATION AND SUBSIDIARIES

Condensed Consolidated Statement of Stockholders’ Equity (unaudited)
(In thousands)
 
 
Common Stock
 
Additional Paid-In Capital
 
Accumulated Deficit
 
Total Stockholders’ Equity
 
Shares
 
Amount
 
 
 
Balance, December 31, 2017
49,876

 
$
50

 
$
422,901

 
$
(115,433
)
 
$
307,518

Cumulative effect of adopting ASC 606

 

 

 
(996
)
 
(996
)
Net loss

 

 

 
(14,792
)
 
(14,792
)
Option exercise, net
28

 

 
155

 

 
155

Share-based compensation
(23
)
 

 
2,249

 

 
2,249

Settlement of capped call transactions

 

 
2,118

 

 
2,118

Balance, June 30, 2018
49,881

 
$
50

 
$
427,423

 
$
(131,221
)
 
$
296,252

 

The accompanying notes to the consolidated financial statements are an integral part of these condensed consolidated financial statements. 
5


THE KEYW HOLDING CORPORATION AND SUBSIDIARIES

Condensed Consolidated Statements of Cash Flows (unaudited)
(In thousands) 
 
Six months ended June 30,
 
2018
 
2017
Net loss
$
(14,792
)
 
$
(22,930
)
Adjustments to reconcile net loss to net cash used in operating activities:
 

 
 

Share-based compensation
2,249

 
2,098

Depreciation and amortization expense
12,505

 
9,680

Loss on extinguishment of debt
11,429

 

Non-cash interest expense
3,100

 
3,474

Loss on disposal of assets
1,395

 

Deferred taxes
(2,751
)
 
3,062

Changes in assets and liabilities, net of effects of acquisitions:
 

 
 

Accounts receivable, net
20,404

 
(11,513
)
Unbilled receivables, net
(26,376
)
 
5,427

Inventories, net
(1,561
)
 
(3,639
)
Prepaid expenses
(818
)
 
(532
)
Accounts payable
(11,162
)
 
6,036

Accrued expenses
(6,403
)
 
5,530

Other non-current assets/liabilities
(624
)
 
(1,534
)
Net cash used in operating activities
(13,405
)
 
(4,841
)
Cash flows from investing activities:
 

 
 

Acquisitions, net of cash acquired

 
(236,091
)
Purchases of property and equipment
(2,055
)
 
(3,679
)
Net cash used in investing activities
(2,055
)
 
(239,770
)
Cash flows from financing activities:
 

 
 

Proceeds from issuance of term note
290,000

 
135,000

Principal payments of term loan
(131,625
)
 

Principal payments of convertible senior notes
(126,892
)
 

Settlement of capped call transactions
2,118

 

Payment of debt issuance costs
(7,482
)
 
(4,689
)
Payment of debt extinguishment costs
(711
)
 

Proceeds from revolver
25,000

 
10,000

Repayment of revolver
(25,000
)
 

Proceeds from stock issuance, net

 
84,586

Proceeds from option exercises, net
155

 
109

Net cash provided by financing activities
25,563

 
225,006

Net increase (decrease) in cash and cash equivalents
10,103

 
(19,605
)
Cash and cash equivalents at beginning of period
17,832

 
41,871

Cash and cash equivalents at end of period
$
27,935

 
$
22,266

Supplemental disclosure of cash flow information:
 

 
 

Cash paid for interest
$
8,964

 
$
4,007

Cash paid for taxes
$
88

 
$
16

 



The accompanying notes to the consolidated financial statements are an integral part of these condensed consolidated financial statements. 
6

THE KEYW HOLDING CORPORATION AND SUBSIDIARIES



1.     SUMMARY OF SIGNIFICANT ACCOUNTING POLICIES
 
Basis of Presentation
We prepared our interim condensed consolidated financial statements that accompany these notes in conformity with accounting principles generally accepted in the United States of America (U.S. GAAP) for interim information and in accordance with the instructions to Form 10-Q and Rule 10-01 of Regulation S-X.

The interim financial information is unaudited, but reflects all normal adjustments that are, in our opinion, necessary to provide a fair statement of results for the interim periods presented. Certain information and note disclosures normally included in the annual financial statements have been omitted pursuant to those instructions. This interim information should be read in conjunction with the consolidated financial statements for the year ended December 31, 2017, contained in our Annual Report on Form 10-K and filed with the U.S. Securities and Exchange Commission (SEC) on March 16, 2018. Interim results may not be indicative of our full-fiscal year performance.

Corporate Organization
The KeyW Holding Corporation (Holdco or KeyW) was incorporated in Maryland in December 2009. Holdco is a holding company and conducts its operations through The KeyW Corporation (Opco), and its wholly owned subsidiaries. As used herein, the terms “KeyW”, the “Company,” and “we,” “us,” and “our” refer to Holdco and, unless the context requires otherwise, its subsidiaries, including Opco.

KeyW is a provider of advanced engineering and technology solutions to support the collection, processing, analysis and dissemination of information across the full spectrum of the Intelligence, Cyber and Counterterrorism Communities’ missions. Our solutions protect our nation and its allies, and are designed to meet the critical needs of agile intelligence and U.S. Government national security priorities. Our core capabilities include advanced cyber operations and training; geospatial intelligence; cloud and data analytics; engineering; and intelligence analysis and operations. Other KeyW offerings include a suite of Intelligence Surveillance and Reconnaissance (ISR) solutions deployed from an advanced sensor delivery platform, proprietary products-including electro-optical, hyperspectral and synthetic aperture radar sensors-and other products that we manufacture and integrate with hardware and software to meet unique and evolving intelligence mission requirements.

KeyW's solutions focus on Intelligence Community (IC) customers, including the Federal Bureau of Investigation (FBI), Department of Homeland Security (DHS), National Security Agency (NSA), the National Geospatial Intelligence Agency (NGA), the Army Geospatial Center (AGC) and other agencies within the IC and Department of Defense (DoD). In addition, we provide products and services to U.S. federal, state and local law enforcement agencies, foreign governments and other entities in the Cyber and Counterterrorism markets. We believe the combination of our advanced solutions, understanding of our customers’ mission; longstanding and successful customer relationships; operational capabilities; and highly skilled, cleared workforce will help expand our footprint in our core markets.
 
Principles of Consolidation
The condensed consolidated financial statements include the transactions of KeyW, Opco and their wholly owned subsidiaries from the date of their acquisition. All intercompany accounts and transactions have been eliminated.

Prior Period Financial Statement Correction of Immaterial Errors
During the second quarter of 2018, we identified errors related to the accounting for self-constructed assets dating back to 2014. These errors resulted in an overstatement of property and equipment, net and an understatement of accumulated deficit. Specifically, we determined that certain selling general and administrative and overhead costs should not have been capitalized as part of self-constructed assets and that depreciation expense was not recognized in a timely basis on certain self-constructed assets that were placed into service in prior periods. Additionally, we identified certain self-constructed assets previously presented as property and equipment, net which should have been classified as inventory.

We assessed the materiality of these errors on our financial statements for prior periods in accordance with the SEC Staff Accounting Bulletin (SAB) No. 99, Materiality, codified in Accounting Standards Codification (ASC) 250, Presentation of Financial Statements, and concluded that they were not material to any prior annual or interim periods. However, the aggregate amount of the prior period corrections of immaterial errors through March 31, 2018, was approximately a $3.8 million increase to accumulated deficit and would have been material to the quarterly amounts within our current Consolidated Statements of Operations. Consequently, in accordance with ASC 250 (specifically SAB No. 108, Considering the Effects of Prior Year Misstatements when Quantifying Misstatements in Current Year Financial Statements), we have corrected these errors for all prior periods presented by revising the consolidated financial statements and other financial information included herein. We also corrected the timing of immaterial

7

THE KEYW HOLDING CORPORATION AND SUBSIDIARIES

previously recorded out-of-period adjustments and reflected them in the revised prior period financial statements, where applicable. Periods not presented herein will be revised, as applicable, in future filings.

The effects of the correction of immaterial errors on our Condensed Consolidated Balance Sheet were as follows (in thousands):
 
December 31, 2017
 
As Previously Reported
 
Adjustment
 
As Revised
Inventories, net
$
20,496

 
$
3,841

 
$
24,337

Property and equipment, net
43,283

 
(7,142
)
 
36,141

TOTAL ASSETS
686,907

 
(3,301
)
 
683,606

Deferred tax liability, net
19,174

 
193

 
19,367

TOTAL LIABILITIES
375,895

 
193

 
376,088

Accumulated deficit
(111,939
)
 
(3,494
)
 
(115,433
)
TOTAL STOCKHOLDERS' EQUITY
311,012

 
(3,494
)
 
307,518


The effects of the correction of immaterial errors on our Condensed Consolidated Statements of Operations were as follows (in thousands):
 
Three months ended June 30, 2017
 
As Previously Reported
 
Adjustment
 
As Revised
Cost of revenue, excluding amortization
$
94,181

 
$
347

 
$
94,528

Operating expenses
36,159

 
317

 
36,476

Operating loss
(9,886
)
 
(664
)
 
(10,550
)
Loss before income taxes
(14,663
)
 
(664
)
 
(15,327
)
Income tax expense (benefit), net
3,124

 
(65
)
 
3,059

Net loss
(17,787
)
 
(599
)
 
(18,386
)
 
 
 
 
 
 
Basic net loss per share
$
(0.36
)
 
$
(0.01
)
 
$
(0.37
)
Diluted loss per share
$
(0.36
)
 
$
(0.01
)
 
$
(0.37
)

 
Six months ended June 30, 2017
 
As Previously Reported
 
Adjustment
 
As Revised
Cost of revenue, excluding amortization
$
142,070

 
$
576

 
$
142,646

Operating expenses
56,143

 
748

 
56,891

Operating loss
(11,153
)
 
(1,324
)
 
(12,477
)
Loss before income taxes
(18,547
)
 
(1,324
)
 
(19,871
)
Income tax (benefit) expense, net
3,124

 
(65
)
 
3,059

Net loss
(21,671
)
 
(1,259
)
 
(22,930
)
 
 
 
 
 
 
Basic net loss per share
$
(0.45
)
 
$
(0.03
)
 
$
(0.48
)
Diluted loss per share
$
(0.45
)
 
$
(0.03
)
 
$
(0.48
)


8

THE KEYW HOLDING CORPORATION AND SUBSIDIARIES

The effects of the correction of immaterial errors on our Condensed Consolidated Statements of Cash Flows were as follows (in thousands):
 
Six months ended June 30, 2017
 
As Previously Reported
 
Adjustment
 
As Revised
Net Loss
(21,671
)
 
(1,259
)
 
(22,930
)
Depreciation and amortization expense
8,912

 
768

 
9,680

Deferred taxes
3,127

 
(65
)
 
3,062

Inventory, net
(2,200
)
 
(1,439
)
 
(3,639
)
Net cash used in operating activities
(2,846
)
 
(1,995
)
 
(4,841
)
Purchase of property and equipment
(5,674
)
 
1,995

 
(3,679
)
Net cash used in investing activities
(241,765
)
 
1,995

 
(239,770
)
 
Revenue Recognition
Effective January 1, 2018, we adopted the requirements of Accounting Standards Update (ASU) 2014-09 and related amendments, Revenue from Contracts with Customers (ASC 606), which superseded all prior revenue recognition methods and industry-specific guidance. For additional information on our adoption of the new standard refer to the Recently Adopted Accounting Pronouncements section below.

The majority of our revenues are from long-term contracts with the U.S. federal government that can span several years. The Company performs under various types of contracts including cost reimbursement (cost-plus-fixed-fee, cost-plus-award-fee), time-and-materials, fixed-price-level-of-effort, and firm-fixed-price contracts.

Under the guidance of ASC 606, the Company evaluates whether it has an enforceable contract with a customer with rights of the parties and payment terms identified, and collectability is probable. The Company also evaluates if a contract has multiple promises and if each promise should be accounted for as separate performance obligations or as a single performance obligation. Multiple promises in a contract are typically separated if they are distinct, both individually and in the context of the contract. If multiple promises in a contract are highly interrelated or comprise a series of distinct services performed over time, they are combined into a single performance obligation.

Contract modifications are evaluated to determine whether they should be accounted for as part of the original contract or as a separate contract. We consider contract modifications to exist when the modification either creates new or changes the existing enforceable rights and obligations. Contract modifications are accounted for as a separate contract if the modification adds distinct goods or services and increases the contract value by its standalone selling price. Modifications that are not determined to be a separate contract are accounted for either has a prospective adjustment to the original contract if the goods or services in the modification are distinct from those transferred before the modification or as a cumulative adjustment if the goods and services are not distinct and are part of a single performance obligation that is partially satisfied. The Company’s services contracts frequently provide customers an option to renew for an additional period of time under the same terms and conditions as the original contract. The renewal options typically do not provide the customer any material rights under the contract and therefore are treated as separate contracts when they include distinct goods or services at standalone selling prices.

Transaction prices for contracts with the U.S. government are typically determined through a competitive procurement process and are based on estimated or actual costs of providing the goods or services in accordance with applicable regulations. Transaction prices for non-U.S. government customers are based on specific negotiations with each customer. In certain instances, our contracts contain award fees, incentive fees, or other provisions that can either increase or decrease the transaction price. The variable amounts generally are awarded upon achievement of certain performance metrics or program milestones and can be based upon customer discretion. We estimate variable consideration at the most likely amount to which we expect to be entitled. Our estimates of variable consideration and determination of whether to include estimated amounts in the transaction price are based largely on an assessment of the Company’s anticipated performance and all information (historical, current and forecasted) that is reasonably available to us and the potential of a significant reversal of revenue. The Company excludes any taxes collected or imposed when determining the transaction price.

A contract’s transaction price is allocated to each distinct performance obligation and recognized when, or as, the performance obligation is satisfied. For contracts with multiple performance obligations, we allocate the contract’s transaction price to each performance obligation using our best estimate of the standalone selling price of each distinct good or service in the contract.

9

THE KEYW HOLDING CORPORATION AND SUBSIDIARIES

Substantially none of the Company’s contracts contain a significant financing component, which would require an adjustment to the transaction price of the contract.

The Company recognizes revenue on a majority of its contracts over time as there is continuous transfer of control to the customer over the contract's period of performance. Continuous transfer of control is typically supported by contract clauses which allow our customers to unilaterally terminate a contract for convenience, pay for costs incurred plus a reasonable profit, and take control of work-in-process. Revenue recognized over time is generally based on the extent of progress towards completion of the related performance obligations. The selection of the method to measure progress towards completion requires judgment and is based on the nature of the products or services provided. In certain instances, typically for firm-fixed-price contracts, we use the cost-to-cost measure of progress for our contracts because it best depicts the transfer of control to the customer which occurs as we incur costs on our contracts. Under the cost-to-cost measure of progress, the extent of progress towards completion is measured based on the ratio of costs incurred to date to the total estimated costs at completion of the performance obligation. Revenues, including estimated fees or profits, are recorded proportionally as costs are incurred. Costs to fulfill generally include direct labor, materials and subcontractors’ costs, other direct costs and an allocation of indirect costs. In other instances, generally for cost reimbursable, time-and-materials, and fixed-price-level-of-effort contracts, revenue is recognized based on a right to invoice practical expedient as the Company is able to invoice the customer in an amount that corresponds directly with the value received by a customer for the Company’s performance completed to date. In some instances, typically for the sale of products that have an alternative use, the Company recognizes revenue at a point in time using a rate per unit as units are delivered and the customer obtains legal title of the asset.

Changes in estimates related to contracts accounted for using the cost-to-cost method of accounting are recognized in the period in which such changes are made on a cumulative catch-up basis, which recognizes in the current period the cumulative effect of the changes on current and prior periods based on a performance obligations’ percentage of completion. For the three and six months ended June 30, 2018, there were no material modifications recorded related to work previously performed on projects prior to the execution of formal modifications or amendments. A significant change in one or more estimates could affect the profitability of one or more of our performance obligations. When estimates of total costs to be incurred on a performance obligation exceed total estimates of revenue to be earned, a provision for the entire loss on the performance obligation is recognized in the period the loss is determined.

Cost of Revenue
Cost of revenue consists primarily of compensation expenses for program personnel, the fringe benefits associated with this compensation and other direct expenses incurred to complete programs, including cost of materials, depreciation and subcontract efforts.
 
Receivables
Receivables consist of amounts billed and currently due from customers and amounts currently due from customers that are not yet billed (unbilled receivables). Receivables are stated at the amount management expects to collect from outstanding balances. Management provides for probable uncollectible amounts through a charge to earnings and a credit to an allowance for doubtful accounts based on its assessment of the status of individual accounts. Balances that are still outstanding after management has used reasonable collection efforts are written-off through a charge to the allowance and a credit to accounts receivable. For the six months ended June 30, 2018 and 2017, there were no material impairment losses or changes to the allowance.

Use of Estimates
Management uses estimates and assumptions in preparing these condensed consolidated financial statements in accordance with U.S. GAAP. Those estimates and assumptions affect the reported amounts of assets and liabilities, the disclosure of contingent assets and liabilities, and the reported revenues and expenses. Significant estimates include amortization lives, depreciation lives, proportional performance revenue, inventory obsolescence reserves, income taxes and stock compensation expense. Actual results could vary from the estimates that were used.

Cash and Cash Equivalents
We consider all highly liquid investments purchased with maturities of three months or less, when purchased, to be cash equivalents.
 
Loss per Share
Basic net loss per share is calculated by dividing net loss by the weighted average number of common shares outstanding during the period. Diluted loss per share is calculated by dividing net loss by the diluted weighted average common shares, which reflects the potential dilution of stock options, warrants, and contingently issuable shares that could share in our loss if the securities were exercised. As the Company incurred a net loss for the three and six months ended June 30, 2018 and 2017, none of the potential dilution of stock options, warrants, and contingently issuable shares were included in the diluted share calculation for those periods as they would have been anti-dilutive.

10

THE KEYW HOLDING CORPORATION AND SUBSIDIARIES

The following table presents the calculation of basic and diluted net loss per share (in thousands except per share amounts):
 
Three months ended June 30,
 
Six months ended June 30,
 
2018
 
2017
 
2018
 
2017
Net loss
(11,394
)
 
(18,386
)
 
$
(14,792
)
 
$
(22,930
)
Weighted average shares – basic
49,872

 
49,546

 
49,865

 
48,061

Effect of dilutive potential common shares

 

 

 

Weighted average shares – diluted
49,872

 
49,546

 
49,865

 
48,061

 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Net loss per share – basic
$
(0.23
)
 
$
(0.37
)
 
$
(0.30
)
 
$
(0.48
)
Net loss per share – diluted
$
(0.23
)
 
$
(0.37
)
 
$
(0.30
)
 
$
(0.48
)
Anti-dilutive share-based awards, excluded
3,714

 
3,062

 
3,714

 
3,062

Employee equity share options, restricted shares and warrants granted by the Company are treated as potential common shares outstanding in computing diluted loss per share. Diluted shares outstanding include the dilutive effect of in-the-money options and in-the-money warrants and unvested restricted stock. The dilutive effect of such equity awards is calculated based on the average share price for each fiscal period using the treasury stock method. Under the treasury-stock method, the amount the employee must pay for exercising stock options and the amount of compensation cost for future service that the Company has not yet recognized are collectively assumed to be used to repurchase shares. As the Company incurred a net loss for the three and six months ended June 30, 2018 and 2017, none of the outstanding dilutive share-based awards were included in the diluted share calculation for those periods as they would have been anti-dilutive.
The Company uses the if-converted method for calculating any potential dilutive effect of the conversion spread of our Convertible Senior Notes due 2019 (the Convertible Senior Notes) on diluted earnings per share, if applicable. The conversion spread will have a dilutive impact on diluted earnings per share of common stock when the average market price of our common stock for a given period exceeds the Notes' conversion price of $14.83. As of June 30, 2018, 1.5 million shares related to the Notes have been excluded from the computation of diluted earnings per share as the effect would be anti-dilutive since the conversion price of the Notes exceeded the average market price of the Company’s common shares for the three and six months ended June 30, 2018.

Recently Adopted Accounting Pronouncements
In May 2014, the FASB issued ASU 2014-09 and related amendments, Revenue from Contracts with Customers (ASC 606), an accounting pronouncement related to revenue recognition. ASC 606 supersedes the guidance in former ASC Topic 605, Revenue Recognition, and provides a single, comprehensive revenue recognition model for all contracts with customers. This standard contains principles that an entity will apply to determine the measurement of revenue and timing of when it is recognized. The entity will recognize revenue to reflect the transfer of goods or services to customers at an amount that the entity expects to be entitled to in exchange for those goods or services. ASC 606 is effective for fiscal years, and interim periods within those years, beginning after December 15, 2017.

Effective January 1, 2018, we adopted ASC 606 using the modified retrospective method. ASC 606 was not applied to contracts that were complete at December 31, 2017, and comparative information for the prior fiscal year has not been retrospectively adjusted. For contracts that were modified before the effective date, we elected the practical expedient which enabled the Company to reflect the aggregate effect of all modifications when identifying performance obligations and allocating the transaction price. The adoption of ASC 606 did not have a material impact on the Company’s condensed consolidated financial statements. The Company recorded a $1.0 million increase to accumulated deficit on January 1, 2018, as the accumulative impact of ASC 606 adoption. The primary impact related to certain contracts (or contract components) that were previously recognized on a separate basis which are now combined under ASC 606 into a single performance obligation, as they are not capable of being distinct under the new guidance. The adoption of ASC 606 did not have a significant impact on the Company’s revenue recognition policy as revenues on a majority of the Company’s contracts continue to be recognized over time.


11

THE KEYW HOLDING CORPORATION AND SUBSIDIARIES

As a result of applying the modified retrospective method to adopt the new guidance, the following adjustments were made on the condensed consolidated balance sheet as of January 1, 2018:
 
As Revised
 
 
 
Adjusted
 
December 31, 2017
 
Adjustments
 
January 1, 2018
 
(in thousands)
Assets:
 
 
 
 
 
Unbilled receivables
$
37,785

 
$
1,166

 
$
38,951

Inventories, net
24,337

 
(292
)
 
24,045

Prepaid expenses
2,266

 
(403
)
 
1,863

Liabilities:
 

 
 
 
 

Accrued expenses
$
17,862

 
$
49

 
$
17,911

Deferred revenue
6,090

 
1,743

 
7,833

Deferred tax liability, net
19,367

 
(325
)
 
19,042

Equity:
 
 
 
 
 
Accumulated deficit
$
(115,433
)
 
$
(996
)
 
$
(116,429
)

Recently Issued Accounting Pronouncements
In February 2016, the FASB issued ASU 2016-02, Leases (ASC 842) which will supersede the current lease guidance under ASC 840 and makes several changes such as requiring an entity to recognize a right-of-use asset and corresponding lease obligation on the balance sheet. The ASU also requires enhanced disclosures of key information about leasing arrangements. The new standard is effective for fiscal years beginning after December 15, 2018, including interim periods within those fiscal years, and should be adopted under the modified retrospective approach. We are currently evaluating the impact of this pronouncement on our condensed consolidated financial statements.

2. REVENUE FROM CONTRACTS WITH CUSTOMERS

Impact of New Revenue Guidance on Financial Statement Line Items
The following tables compare the reported condensed consolidated balance sheet and statement of operations as of and for the three and six months ended June 30, 2018, to the pro-forma amounts had ASC 605 been in effect:
 
June 30, 2018
 
As Reported
(ASC 606)
 
As Adjusted
(ASC 605)
 
(in thousands)
Assets:
 
 
 
Unbilled receivables
$
65,326

 
$
64,371

Inventories, net
25,606

 
26,273

Liabilities:
 

 
 

Accrued expenses
$
18,469

 
$
18,426

Deferred revenue
5,516

 
5,613

Deferred tax liability, net
16,290

 
16,327

Equity:
 
 
 
Accumulated deficit
$
(131,221
)
 
$
(131,600
)


12

THE KEYW HOLDING CORPORATION AND SUBSIDIARIES

 
Three months ended June 30, 2018
 
Six months ended June 30, 2018
 
As Reported
(ASC 606)
 
As Adjusted
(ASC 605)
 
As Reported
(ASC 606)
 
As Adjusted
(ASC 605)
 
(in thousands, except per share amounts)
Revenue
$
128,140

 
$
127,821

 
$
253,882

 
$
252,253

Cost of revenue, excluding amortization
95,825

 
96,091

 
190,041

 
190,075

Operating income
3,688

 
3,103

 
4,355

 
2,692

Loss before income taxes
(13,521
)
 
(14,106
)
 
(17,676
)
 
(19,339
)
Income tax benefit, net
(2,127
)
 
(2,219
)
 
(2,884
)
 
(3,172
)
Net loss
(11,394
)
 
(11,887
)
 
(14,792
)
 
(16,167
)
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Loss per share
 
 
 
 
 

 
 

Basic
$
(0.23
)
 
$
(0.24
)
 
$
(0.30
)
 
$
(0.32
)
Diluted
$
(0.23
)
 
$
(0.24
)
 
$
(0.30
)
 
$
(0.32
)

The primary impact related to certain contracts (or contract components) that were previously recognized on a separate basis which are now combined under ASC 606 into a single performance obligation, as they are not capable of being distinct under the new guidance.

Revenue by Category
The Company disaggregates its revenue from contracts with customers by contract-type and customer-type, as we believe that they best depict how the nature, amount, timing and uncertainty of the Company’s revenue and cash flows are affected by economic factors. The following table summarizes revenue from contracts with customers by contract-type and customer-type for the three and six months ended June 30, 2018:
Revenue by Customer Type and Contract Type
Three months
ended
June 30, 2018
 
Six months ended
 June 30, 2018
 
 
 
(in thousands)
Department of Defense
 
 
 
Cost Reimbursement
$
44,733

 
$
87,561

Time & Materials and Fixed-Price-Level-of-Effort
25,524

 
51,669

Firm-Fixed-Price
28,809

 
54,037

Total Department of Defense
99,066

 
193,267

 
 
 
 
Non-Department of Defense U.S. Government
 
 
 
Cost Reimbursement
2,096

 
3,874

Time & Materials and Fixed-Price-Level-of-Effort
19,993

 
38,893

Firm-Fixed-Price
2,606

 
5,387

Total Non-Department of Defense U.S. Government
24,695

 
48,154

 
 
 
 
Commercial and other
 
 
 
Cost Reimbursement

 

Time & Materials and Fixed-Price-Level-of-Effort
446

 
1,828

Firm-Fixed-Price
3,933

 
10,633

Total Commercial and other
4,379

 
12,461

 
 
 
 
Total Revenues
$
128,140

 
$
253,882


Remaining Performance Obligations
Remaining performance obligations represent the transaction price of firm orders for which revenue has not yet been recognized, excluding unexercised contract options and potential orders under ordering-type contracts (e.g., indefinite-delivery, indefinite-

13

THE KEYW HOLDING CORPORATION AND SUBSIDIARIES

quantity (IDIQ)). As of June 30, 2018, the aggregate amount of transaction price allocated to remaining performance obligations was $323.2 million, which the Company expects to recognize over the next 12 months.

Contract Assets and Contract Liabilities
The timing of revenue recognition, billings, and cash collections result in billed accounts receivable, unbilled receivables, and customer advances and deposits. Contract assets (unbilled receivables) result from timing differences between revenue recognition and billing in accordance with agreed-upon contractual terms, which typically occurs subsequent to revenue being recognized. Contract liabilities (deferred revenue) consist of advance payments and billings in excess of revenue recognized. Our contract assets and liabilities are reported in a net position on a contract by contract basis.

The increase in contract assets (unbilled receivables) during the six months ended June 30, 2018, was primarily due to billable receivables now being classified as contract assets and to the timing of billings and revenue recognized on certain contracts. The decrease in contract liabilities (deferred revenue) during the six months ended June 30, 2018, was primarily due to timing of cash collection and subsequent recognition of revenue on the related programs.

During the three months ended June 30, 2018, the Company recognized revenue of $1.1 million related to contract liabilities which existed at January 1, 2018. During the six months ended June 30, 2018, the Company recognized revenue of $4.2 million related to contract liabilities which existed at January 1, 2018. There were no material impairment losses recognized on contract assets for the six months ended June 30, 2018.

3. ACQUISITIONS

On April 4, 2017, the Company's wholly owned operating company, Opco, completed the merger (the “Merger”) of Sandpiper Acquisition Corporation, a wholly owned subsidiary of Opco, with and into Sotera Holdings Inc., a Delaware corporation and its wholly owned subsidiary Sotera Defense Solutions Inc., a Delaware corporation (Sotera), with Sotera surviving the Merger as a wholly-owned subsidiary of Opco. The purchase consideration net of cash acquired, for the acquisition of Sotera was $236.1 million less $0.2 million of escrow holdback funds returned to the Company during the fourth quarter of 2017. The acquisition of Sotera was completed as an all-cash transaction.

The fair values of the assets acquired and liabilities assumed at the date of the transaction were as follows (in thousands):
 
 
Cash
$
11,583

Receivables
37,521

Prepaid expenses
1,679

Property and equipment
1,499

Other intangibles
60,590

Goodwill
164,487

Deferred tax assets
142

Other assets
1,149

Total assets acquired
278,650

Accounts payable
7,007

Accrued expenses
9,818

Accrued salaries and wages
10,784

Deferred revenue
1,505

Long-term obligations
2,097

Total liabilities assumed
31,211

Net assets acquired
$
247,439

Net cash paid
$
235,856

Actual cash paid
$
247,439

 

The goodwill primarily represents the acquiring of an assembled workforce of cleared personnel to expand our presence with new and existing customers. The value of having that assembled workforce generated the majority of the goodwill from the acquisition of Sotera and drove much of the purchase price in addition to other identified intangibles. The goodwill presented above includes $103.5 million of tax deductible goodwill.

14

THE KEYW HOLDING CORPORATION AND SUBSIDIARIES


The Company identified $60.6 million of other intangible assets, including backlog and customer relationships. The following table summarizes the fair value of intangibles assets acquired at the date of acquisition and the related weighted average amortization period:
 
 
Weighted average amortization period
 
Fair Value
 
 
(in years)
 
(in thousands)
Customer relationships
 
16.0
 
$
56,700

Backlog
 
1.0
 
3,890

Total
 
 
 
$
60,590


Related to the acquisition of Sotera, during the three and six months ended June 30, 2017, the Company incurred $2.6 million and $4.3 million of acquisition related expenses, respectively. In connection with the integration of Sotera, during the three and six months ended June 30, 2018, the Company incurred $0.8 million and $1.5 million of integration related expenses. During the three and six months ended June 30, 2017, the Company incurred $10.2 million of expenses related to the integration of Sotera. Acquisition and integration related expenses were recorded as part of operating expenses.

Unaudited Pro Forma Financial Information

The table below summarizes the unaudited pro forma consolidated results of operations as if the acquisition of Sotera had occurred on January 1, 2017. The unaudited pro forma financial information was prepared based on historical financial information. The unaudited pro forma results below do not include any adjustments that may have resulted from synergies, eliminations of intercompany transactions or from amortization of intangibles (other than during the period following the closing of the Sotera acquisition). The pro forma financial information is not intended to reflect the actual results of operations that would have occurred if the acquisition had been completed on January 1, 2017, nor is it intended to be an indication of future operating results.
 
Three months ended
 
Six months ended
 
June 30, 2017
 
 June 30, 2017
 
(unaudited and in thousands)
Revenues
$
124,058

 
$
254,259

Net (loss) income from continuing operations
(18,386
)
 
(28,802
)

The Sotera acquisition was accounted for using the acquisition method of accounting. Results of operations were included in the condensed consolidated financial statements from the date of acquisition.

4. FAIR-VALUE MEASUREMENTS
 
The fair value hierarchy prioritizes the inputs to valuation techniques used to measure the fair value of financial assets and liabilities on a recurring basis into three broad levels:
Level 1
Inputs are unadjusted quoted prices in active markets for identical assets or liabilities the Company has the ability to access.
Level 2
Inputs are other than quoted prices included within Level 1 that are observable for the asset or liability, either directly or indirectly.
Level 3
Inputs are unobservable for the asset or liability and rely on management’s own assumptions about what market participants would use in pricing the asset or liability.

At June 30, 2018, the Company did not have any assets or liabilities measured at fair value on a recurring basis that would require disclosure based on the fair value hierarchy of valuation techniques.


15

THE KEYW HOLDING CORPORATION AND SUBSIDIARIES

5. INVENTORIES
 
Inventories are valued at the lower of cost (as calculated using the weighted-average method) or net realizable value and consist of work in process at various stages of production and finished goods. The inventory is primarily related to our off-the-shelf products for which revenue is recognized at a point in time such as mobile communications devices, aeroptic cameras and radars. The cost of the work in process consists of materials put into production, the cost of labor and an allocation of overhead costs. At June 30, 2018 and December 31, 2017, the Company had an inventory reserve balance of $1.1 million and $0.9 million for certain products where the market has not developed as expected.

6. PROPERTY AND EQUIPMENT
 
Property and equipment, net, are as follows:
 
June 30, 2018
 
December 31, 2017
 
(In thousands)
Property and equipment
 

 
 

Aircraft
$
29,853

 
$
27,567

Leasehold improvements
22,803

 
23,506

Manufacturing equipment
5,471

 
7,778

Software development costs
2,111

 
2,111

Office equipment
9,667

 
15,884

Total
69,905

 
76,846

Accumulated depreciation
(38,930
)
 
(40,705
)
Property and equipment, net
$
30,975

 
$
36,141


Depreciation expense charged to operations was $2.7 million and $2.7 million for the three months ended June 30, 2018 and 2017, respectively. Depreciation expense charged to operations was $5.8 million and $4.4 million for the six months ended June 30, 2018 and 2017, respectively.

During the second quarter of 2018, as part of the Company's annual inventory process, the Company disposed of fixed assets with a net book value of $1.3 million, which was included as part of operating expenses.

7. INTANGIBLE ASSETS

Information regarding our purchased intangible assets is included in the following table.
 
June 30, 2018
 
December 31, 2017
 
Gross Carrying Value
 
Accumulated Amortization
 
Net Carrying Value
 
Gross Carrying Value
 
Accumulated Amortization
 
Net Carrying Value
 
(in thousands)
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Customer relationships and contracts
$
57,564

 
$
(8,548
)
 
$
49,016

 
$
66,513

 
$
(11,039
)
 
$
55,474

Software technology and other
2,162

 
(812
)
 
1,350

 
2,162

 
(591
)
 
1,571

 Total intangible assets
$
59,726

 
$
(9,360
)
 
$
50,366

 
$
68,675

 
$
(11,630
)
 
$
57,045


During the first half of 2018, customer relationships and contracts assets of $8.9 million became fully amortized and are not included in the June 30, 2018, numbers in the table above.

The Company recorded amortization expense of $2.7 million and $3.6 million for the three months ended June 30, 2018 and 2017, respectively. The Company recorded amortization expense of $6.7 million and $5.3 million for the six months ended June 30, 2018 and 2017, respectively.


16

THE KEYW HOLDING CORPORATION AND SUBSIDIARIES

As of June 30, 2018, expected amortization expense relating to purchased intangible assets was as follows:
Fiscal Year Ending
 
 
 
 
(in thousands)
2018 (remainder of year)
 
$
5,441

2019
 
9,226

2020
 
7,415

2021
 
5,973

2022
 
4,634

2023 and thereafter
 
17,677

Total
 
$
50,366


8. DEBT

2018 Credit Facility
On May 8, 2018, Opco entered into a $340 million senior secured credit facility (the 2018 Credit Facility), which consists of a $215 million First Lien Term Loan facility (the 2018 First Lien Term Loan Facility), a $75 million Second Lien Term Loan facility (the 2018 Second Lien Term Loan Facility) and a $50 million senior secured Revolving Credit Facility (the 2018 Revolving Loan Facility). The terms of the 2018 Credit Facility are set forth in the First Lien Credit Agreement and the Second Lien Credit Agreement (collectively, the 2018 Credit Agreements) dated as of May 8, 2018 (the Closing Date) by and among Opco, as the borrower, the Company, the several lenders party thereto, Royal Bank of Canada (RBC), as administrative agent and collateral agent (the Agent), and RBC, Fifth Third Bank, JPMorgan Chase Bank and SunTrust Robinson Humphrey, Inc., as the joint lead arrangers and joint bookrunners. Subject to the terms and conditions of the 2018 Credit Agreements, on May 8, 2018, Opco borrowed an aggregate of $215 million under the 2018 First Term Loan Facility and $75 million under the 2018 Second Term Loan Facility (collectively the Term Loan Proceeds). The Company used most of the Term Loan Proceeds to pay off the credit facility we entered into in 2017 (the 2017 Credit Facility) and to repurchase $126.9 million of the outstanding the Convertible Senior Notes through a tender offer.

Interest Rates
Borrowings under the 2018 Credit Agreements were and will be incurred in U.S. Dollars. All borrowings under the 2018 Credit Agreements may, at our option, be incurred as either eurodollar loans (Eurodollar Loans) or base rate loans (Base Rate Loans).

In regards to the 2018 First Lien Term Loan Facility and the 2018 Revolving Loan Facility:

Eurodollar Loans will accrue interest, for any interest period, at the Eurodollar Rate (as defined in the First Lien Credit Agreement) plus (b) an applicable margin of 4.5%.

Base Rate Loans will accrue interest, for any interest period, at (a) a base rate per annum equal to the highest of (i) the Federal funds rate plus 0.5%; (ii) the prime commercial lending rate announced by the RBC from time to time as its prime lending rate; and (iii) the Eurodollar Rate for a one month interest period plus 1.0%, plus (b) an applicable margin of 3.5%.

The applicable margin for borrowings may be decreased if our consolidated net leverage ratio decreases.

In regards to the 2018 Second Lien Term Loan Facility:

Eurodollar Loans will accrue interest, for any interest period, at (a) the Eurodollar Rate (as defined in the 2018 Second Lien Credit Agreements) plus (b) an applicable margin of 8.75%.

Base Rate Loans will accrue interest, for any interest period, at (a) a base rate per annum equal to the highest of (i) the Federal funds rate plus 0.5%; (ii) the prime commercial lending rate announced by the RBC from time to time as its prime lending rate; and (iii) the Eurodollar Rate for a one month interest period plus 1.0%, plus (b) an applicable margin of 7.75%.

Maturity Dates
The 2018 Revolving Loan Facility matures on May 8, 2023, the 2018 First Lien Term Loan Facility matures on May 8, 2024, and the 2018 Second Lien Term Loan Facility matures on May 8, 2025.

17

THE KEYW HOLDING CORPORATION AND SUBSIDIARIES


Payments
Voluntary prepayments of the 2018 First Lien Term Loan Facility are permitted at any time, in minimum principal amounts, without premium or penalty, subject to a 1.0% premium payable in connection with certain repricing transactions within the first six months after the Closing Date.

Voluntary prepayments of the 2018 Second Lien Term Loan Facility are subject to a 2.00% premium on all principal amounts prepaid prior to the first anniversary of the Closing Date and a 1.00% premium on all principal amounts prepaid after the first anniversary of the Closing Date and prior to the second anniversary of the Closing Date. No premium is applied to principal amounts prepaid after the second anniversary of the Closing Date.

The 2018 First Lien Term Loan Facility requires scheduled quarterly payments in an amount equal to $0.5 million with the remaining balance payable on the maturity date. No scheduled payments are required for the 2018 Revolving Loan Facility and the 2018 Second Lien Term Loan Facility prior to each respective maturity date.

Mandatory Prepayments
Amounts outstanding under the 2018 Credit Agreements will be subject to mandatory prepayments, subject to customary exceptions, from the net cash proceeds to us from certain asset sales or recovery events.

Beginning with the fiscal year 2019, and interim periods therein, the Company will be required to remit up to 50% of excess cash flow, based on the total net leverage ratio. The excess cash flow percentage are 50%, 25%, and 0% based on the total leverage ratios of greater than 4.50 to 1.00, equal to or less than 4.50 to 1.00, but greater than 4.00 to 1.00, and less than 4.00 to 1.00, respectively. Any mandatory excess cash flow payments will be reduced by voluntary prepayments.

Certain Covenants and Events of Default
The 2018 Credit Agreements contain affirmative and negative covenants that are customary for credit agreements of this nature. The negative covenants include, among other things, limitations on asset sales, mergers and acquisitions, indebtedness, liens, investments and transactions with affiliates. The First Lien Credit Agreement and the Second Lien Credit Agreement each contain one financial covenant:

The First Lien Credit Agreement stipulates a maximum total leverage ratio of consolidated total indebtedness to consolidated earnings before interest, taxes, depreciation and amortization and other adjustments described in the Credit Agreement (Consolidated EBITDA) for the trailing four consecutive quarters of (a) 7.25 to 1.00 for any quarter ending on or prior to March 31, 2019; (b) 6.75 to 1.00 for any quarter thereafter ending on or prior to December 31, 2019; (c) 6.50 to 1.00 for any quarter thereafter ending on or prior to September 30, 2020; (d) 6.25 to 1.00 for any quarter thereafter ending on or prior to September 30, 2021; (e) 6.00 to 1.00 for any quarter thereafter ending on or prior to September 30, 2022; (f) 5.75 to 1.00 for any quarter thereafter.

The Second Lien Credit Agreement stipulates a maximum total leverage ratio of consolidated total indebtedness to Consolidated EBITDA for the trailing four consecutive quarters of (a) 7.75 to 1.00 for any quarter ending on or prior to March 31, 2019; (b) 7.25 to 1.00 for any quarter thereafter ending on or prior to December 31, 2019; (c) 7.00 to 1.00 for any quarter thereafter ending on or prior to September 30, 2020; (d) 6.75 to 1.00 for any quarter thereafter ending on or prior to September 30, 2021; (e) 6.50 to 1.00 for any quarter thereafter ending on or prior to September 30, 2022; (f) 6.25 to 1.00 for any quarter thereafter.

The 2018 Credit Agreements include customary events of default that include, among other things, non-payment defaults, inaccuracy of representations and warranties, covenant defaults, cross default to material indebtedness, bankruptcy and insolvency defaults, material judgment defaults, Employee Retirement Income Security Act of 1974 (ERISA) defaults and a change of control default. The occurrence of an event of default could result in the acceleration of the obligations under the 2018 Credit Agreements and cross-default our other indebtedness.

At June 30, 2018, the Company was in compliance with all of its debt covenants under the 2018 Credit Agreements.

Security
The Company's obligations under the 2018 Credit Agreements are secured by a pledge of substantially all of its and each other guarantors’ assets, including a pledge of the equity interests in certain of Opco’s domestic and first-tier foreign subsidiaries, subject to customary exceptions.


18

THE KEYW HOLDING CORPORATION AND SUBSIDIARIES

In connection with the contemporaneous issuance of the 2018 Credit Facility and the repayment of the 2017 Credit Facility, a portion of the prepayment and issuance was considered a modification of terms with creditors who participated in both the prepaid debt and the new issuance, and the remainder was considered a debt extinguishment. To the extent the prepayment and issuance was considered a modification of terms, the previously incurred unamortized deferred financing costs, debt discount, and any fees or other amounts paid to creditors will be amortized over the life of the new issuance. To the extent the prepayment and issuance was considered an extinguishment, the previously incurred unamortized deferred financing costs, debt discount, and any fees or other amounts paid to creditors were expensed as a loss on extinguishment of debt. The new debt issuances associated with the existing creditors whose prior loans were prepaid were considered a modification of terms and therefore the new issuance costs associated with such issuances were expensed as a loss on extinguishment of debt. All costs and expenses associated with new creditors are capitalized and amortized over the life of the new issuance.

The following table summarizes the accounting for the debt issuance costs incurred and the related loss on extinguishment of debt recorded associated with the debt transactions discussed above:
 
Loss on Extinguishment of Debt
 
Capitalized and Amortized Over Life of New Issuances
 
Total
 
(in thousands)
New debt issuance costs
$
364

 
$
7,118

 
$
7,482

Previously incurred unamortized debt issuance costs or discount
3,571

 
348

 
3,919

Total
$
3,935

 
$
7,466

 
$
11,401


The Company is amortizing the deferred financing costs and debt discount over the respective contractual terms of the 2018 Credit Facility using the effective-interest method. During the three and six months ended June 30, 2018, the Company recognized $3.4 million of interest expense on the condensed consolidated statement of operations related to the 2018 Credit Facility, which included $0.1 million relating to the amortization of deferred financing costs and debt discount. The effective interest rate related to the 2018 First Lien Term Loan Facility was 6.9% as of June 30, 2018. The effective interest rate related to the 2018 Second Lien Term Loan Facility was 11.7% as of June 30, 2018.

2017 Credit Facility
On April 4, 2017, Opco entered into a 2017 Credit Agreement, which included a $135 million term loan facility and a $50 million revolving credit facility. The 2017 Credit Agreement was a five years, multi-bank agreement with the RBC, as administrative agent. In connection with the issuance of the 2017 Credit Facility the Company incurred approximately $4.7 million in financing costs. These financing costs were being amortized using the effective interest rate method over a five years period, the expected life of the related debt. On May 8, 2018, in connection with issuing the 2018 Credit Facility, the Company terminated, satisfied, and discharged all of its obligations under the 2017 Credit Agreement.

Interest expense recorded under the 2017 Credit Facility on the condensed consolidated statement of operations was $1.0 million and $2.4 million during the three months ended June 30, 2018 and 2017, respectively. The Company recognized $0.1 million and $0.2 million in interest expense relating to deferred financing costs and debt discount associated with the 2017 Credit Facility during the three months ended June 30, 2018 and 2017, respectively, which was included as part of interest expense.

Interest expense recorded under the 2017 Credit Facility was $3.2 million and $2.4 million during the six months ended June 30, 2018 and 2017, respectively. The Company recognized $0.3 million and $0.2 million in interest expense relating to deferred financing costs and debt discount associated with the 2017 Credit Facility during the six months ended June 30, 2018 and 2017, respectively, which was included as part of interest expense. The effective interest rate related to the 2017 Term Loan Facility was 6.4% as of its termination date.

The Company wrote off $3.6 million of unamortized deferred financing costs and debt discount in connection with the payoff of the 2017 Credit Facility. This expense was included as part of loss on extinguishment of debt on the condensed consolidated statement of operations during the three and six months ended June 30, 2018.

19

THE KEYW HOLDING CORPORATION AND SUBSIDIARIES


2.5% Convertible Senior Notes
During the third quarter of 2014, the Company issued of $149.5 million aggregate principal amount of convertible senior notes in an underwritten public offering. The Convertible Senior Notes bear interest at a rate of 2.50% per annum on the principal amount, payable semi-annually in arrears on January 15 and July 15 of each year, to holders of record at the close of business on the preceding January 1 and July 1, respectively. The Convertible Senior Notes mature on July 15, 2019, unless earlier repurchased or converted. The Company may not redeem the Convertible Senior Notes prior to their stated maturity date.

On April 13, 2018, the Company announced the commencement of a cash tender (the Tender Offer) by the Company to purchase any and all of its $149.5 million aggregate principal amount of outstanding Convertible Senior Notes in an amount equal to $1,000 per $1,000 principal amount of validly tendered and accepted Convertible Senior Notes purchased, plus accrued and unpaid interest. On May 16, 2018, the Tender Offer expired, prior to which approximately $126.9 million in Convertible Senior Notes were tendered and subsequently repurchased by the Company, in cash, along with a payment of $1.1 million for accrued and unpaid interest associated with the repurchased Convertible Senior Notes. The tendered Convertible Senior Notes were retired upon repurchase.

The Company incurred third party fees of $0.7 million and wrote off $5.9 million in debt discount and $0.9 million in deferred financing costs in connection with the partial redemption of the Convertible Senior Notes, which resulted in the Company recording a $7.5 million loss on extinguishment of debt on the condensed consolidated statement of operations for the three and six months ended June 30, 2018.

The remaining holders of the Convertible Senior Notes may convert their Convertible Senior Notes at their option under the following circumstances: (i) during any calendar quarter commencing after the calendar quarter ending September 30, 2014, if the last reported sale price of the Company’s common stock for at least 20 trading days (whether or not consecutive) in the period of 30 consecutive trading days ending on the last trading day of the immediately preceding calendar quarter is greater than or equal to 130% of the conversion price for the Convertible Senior Notes on each applicable trading day; (ii) during the five business day period immediately after any five consecutive trading day period in which the trading price per $1,000 principal amount of Convertible Senior Notes for each trading day of that period was less than 98% of the product of the last reported sale price of Company’s common stock and the conversion rate for the Convertible Senior Notes for each such trading day; or (iii) upon the occurrence of specified corporate events. On and after January 15, 2019, holders may convert their Convertible Senior Notes at any time, regardless of the foregoing circumstances.

Upon conversion, the Company will settle the Convertible Senior Notes in cash, shares of Company common stock or a combination of cash and shares of Company common stock, at the Company’s election. The Convertible Senior Notes have an initial conversion rate of 67.41 shares of common shares per $1,000 principal amount of the Convertible Senior Notes, which is equal to an initial conversion price of approximately $14.83 per common share. The conversion price is subject to adjustments upon the occurrence of certain specified events.

In addition, upon the occurrence of a fundamental change (as defined in the Indenture), holders of the Convertible Senior Notes may require the Company to repurchase the Convertible Senior Notes at a purchase price of 100% of the principal amount of the Convertible Senior Notes, plus accrued and unpaid interest, if any, to, but excluding, the fundamental change repurchase date.

As of June 30, 2018, the outstanding principal of the Convertible Senior Notes was $22.6 million, the unamortized debt discount was $1.0 million, the unamortized deferred financing costs were $0.1 million and the carrying amount of the liability component was $21.5 million, which was recorded as long-term debt within the Company’s condensed consolidated balance sheet. As of June 30, 2018, the fair value of the liability component relating to the Convertible Senior Notes was approximately $21.9 million and represents a Level 2 valuation.

During the three months ended June 30, 2018, the Company recognized $1.5 million of interest expense on the condensed consolidated statement of operations related to the Convertible Senior Notes, which included $0.8 million for non-cash interest expense relating to the debt discount and $0.1 million relating to amortization of deferred financing costs. During the three months ended June 30, 2017, the Company recognized $2.6 million of interest expense on the condensed consolidated statement of operations relating to the Convertible Senior Notes, which included non-cash interest expense of $1.4 million relating to the debt discount and $0.2 million relating to amortization of deferred financing costs.

During the six months ended June 30, 2018, the Company recognized $4.1 million of interest expense related to the Convertible Senior Notes, which included $2.3 million for non-cash interest expense relating to the debt discount and $0.4 million relating to amortization of deferred financing costs. During the six months ended June 30, 2017, the Company recognized $5.1 million of interest expense relating to the Convertible Senior Notes, which included non-cash interest expense of $2.8 million relating to the

20

THE KEYW HOLDING CORPORATION AND SUBSIDIARIES

debt discount and $0.5 million relating to amortization of deferred financing costs. The effective interest rate related to the Convertible Senior Notes was 7.5% as of June 30, 2018.

Capped Call
During the third quarter of 2014 in conjunction with the issuance of the Convertible Senior Notes, the Company enter into capped call transactions with respect to its common shares, (the Capped Call Transactions), with certain financial institutions. The Capped Call Transactions were generally expected to reduce the potential dilution to the Company's common stock upon conversion of the Convertible Senior Notes and/or offset any cash payments the Company was required to make in excess of the principal amount of any converted Convertible Senior Notes.

In connection with the partial redemption of the Convertible Senior Notes through the Tender Offer, in May 2018, the Company entered into agreements with the counterparties to the Capped Call Transactions to unwind the Capped Call Transactions (the Unwind Agreements). Under the terms of the Unwind Agreements, the Capped Call Transactions automatically terminated, along with all respective rights and obligations of the parties, effective immediately, and required the Counterparties to pay the Company a cash settlement amount dependent upon the average of the share volume-weighted average price (Average VWAP) for trading days over a predetermined period (the Termination Period). Based on the Average VWAP for the Termination Period, the cash settlement amount was later determined to be $2.1 million. The Company recorded an increase to additional paid in capital on the condensed consolidated balance sheet for the cash received upon settlement.

Debt Summary
As of June 30, 2018, the composition of the Company's debt was as follows (in thousands):
Convertible Senior Notes
 
$
22,608

2018 First Lien Term Loan Facility
 
215,000

2018 Second Lien Term Loan Facility
 
75,000

2018 Revolving Loan Facility
 

Total debt
 
312,608

Less: current portion of term loan
 
(2,150
)
Long-term debt
 
$
310,458

The KeyW Holding Corporation is a holding company with no independent assets or operations (other than the ownership of its subsidiaries). Holdco contemplates that if it issues any guaranteed debt securities under any registration statement filed by it under the Securities Act of 1933, as amended, all guarantees will be full and unconditional and joint and several, and any subsidiaries of Holdco that are not subsidiary guarantors will be “minor” subsidiaries as such term is defined under the rules and regulations of the Securities and Exchange Commission. The agreements governing the Company's long-term indebtedness do not contain any significant restrictions on the ability of Holdco or any guarantor to obtain funds from its subsidiaries by dividend, loan or otherwise.  Accordingly, we do not provide separate financial statements of any guarantor subsidiaries.

9. SHARE-BASED COMPENSATION

At June 30, 2018, KeyW had stock-based compensation awards outstanding under the following plans: The 2008 Stock Incentive Plan (2008 Plan), The 2009 Stock Incentive Plan (2009 Plan) and The Amended and Restated 2013 Stock Incentive Plan (2013 Plan).

On August 15, 2012, the shareholders approved the 2013 KeyW Holding Corporation Stock Incentive Plan. The 2013 Plan, which took effect on January 1, 2013, provides for the issuance of additional restricted stock, stock options, and restricted stock units. Pursuant to an amendment approved by the Company’s shareholders on May 10, 2018, the number of shares available for issuance under the 2013 Plan was increased to a maximum of 4,180,000 shares.

2013 Stock Incentive Plan
 
Total equity authorized for issuance
4,180,000

Total equity outstanding or exercised
2,920,185

Total equity remaining for future grants
1,259,815



21

THE KEYW HOLDING CORPORATION AND SUBSIDIARIES

The Company has awarded stock options, restricted stock awards, restricted and performance stock units and the rights to receive Long-Term Incentive Shares to attract and retain highly qualified officers, directors, key employees, and other persons, and to motivate such persons to serve the Company and to expend maximum effort to improve the business results and earnings of the Company, by providing to such persons an opportunity to acquire or increase a direct proprietary interest in the operations and future success of the Company and align employee and shareholder interests.

Stock Options
No stock options were granted during the six months ended June 30, 2018 and 2017. Historically the Company has issued stock option awards that vest over varying periods, ranging from three to five years, and have a ten-year life. The Company estimated the fair value of stock options using the Black-Scholes option-pricing model. All stock options were issued with an exercise price at market value or higher based upon our publicly traded share price on the date of grant. All option awards terminate within ninety days or sooner after termination of service with the Company, except as provided in certain circumstances under our senior executive employment agreements.

A summary of stock option activity for the period ended June 30, 2018 is as follows:
 
Number of
Shares
 
Option Exercise
Price
 
Weighted Average Exercise Price
Options Outstanding January 1, 2018
879,810

 
 
 
 
Granted

 

 

Exercised
(28,036
)
 
$5.00 - $9.25

 
$
5.53

Cancelled
(65,799
)
 
$5.50 - $17.11

 
$
10.57

Options Outstanding June 30, 2018
785,975

 
 
 
 

 
As of June 30, 2018, outstanding stock options were as follows: 
Exercise Price
Options Outstanding and Vested
 
Intrinsic Value
 
Weighted Average Remaining Life (Years)
$5.00 – $5.50
209,550

 
$
698,842

 
1.14
$6.90 – $7.66
136,950

 
177,214

 
3.57
$7.96 – $9.25
115,676

 
42,060

 
2.69
$9.50 - $11.67
92,100

 

 
3.81
$11.99 - $12.97
88,225

 

 
3.88
$13.00 - $14.33
61,724

 

 
4.33
$14.88 - $17.11
81,750

 

 
5.55
 
785,975

 
$
918,116

 
 
  
Restricted Stock Awards
For the six months ended June 30, 2018, no restricted stock awards were issued.

The following table summarizes the activities for our restricted stock awards for the six months ended June 30, 2018
 
Unvested Shares
Outstanding January 1, 2018
635,223

Granted

Vested
(209,086
)
Cancelled
(21,625
)
Outstanding June 30, 2018
404,512



22

THE KEYW HOLDING CORPORATION AND SUBSIDIARIES

Restricted Stock Units (units)
During the six months ended June 30, 2018, the Company issued 335,052 units as part of employee incentive plans and to new hires. The Company issued 236,636 units to employees under the long-term incentive plan, 65,000 units to new hires and 33,416 units to existing employees as discretionary awards.

The following table summarizes the activities for our restricted stock units for the six months ended June 30, 2018:
 
Unvested Units
Outstanding January 1, 2018
337,423

Granted
335,052

Vested

Cancelled
(31,250
)
Outstanding June 30, 2018
641,225


Performance Stock Units (performance units)
The Company issued 226,523 performance units to employees under the long-term incentive plan during the six months ended June 30, 2018.

The following table summarizes the activities for our unvested performance stock units for the six months ended June 30, 2018:
 
Unvested Performance Units
Outstanding January 1, 2018
17,557

Granted
226,523

Vested

Cancelled

Outstanding June 30, 2018
244,080


Long-Term Incentive Share Rights (rights)
During the six months ended June 30, 2018, the Company granted rights to 270,000 Long-Term Incentive Shares. Rights to 100,000 shares were granted outside of the 2013 Plan to a new hire, in accordance with NASDAQ Listing Rule 5635(c)(4) upon commencement of his employment. The remaining rights to 170,000 shares were granted to existing employees under the 2013 Plan.

The granting and vesting of the Long-Term Incentive Shares will be contingent upon the employees continued employment with KeyW, subject to acceleration upon certain events. The Company measured the fair value of the Long-Term Incentive Share grants using a Monte Carlo simulation approach with the following assumptions: risk-free interest rate ranging between 2.49% and 2.74%, expected volatility of approximately 55% and dividend yield of 0%. The grant-date fair value of these long-term incentive shares is $1.0 million. The expense for these grants will be recognized over the requisite service period of each individual tranche, which have weighted average requisite service periods ranging from 2.0 years and 2.9 years.

The following table summarizes the activities for our Long-Term Incentive Share rights for the six months ended June 30, 2018:
 
Unvested Long-Term Incentive Shares
Outstanding January 1, 2018
1,725,000

Granted
270,000

Cancelled
(110,000
)
Outstanding June 30, 2018
1,885,000


These rights consist of five vesting tranches, which Long-Term incentive Shares will be awarded at any time prior to the fifth anniversary of the rights' commencement dates if the closing market price of the Company’s common stock over any 30 consecutive trading days is at or greater than the target price set forth in the table below.

23

THE KEYW HOLDING CORPORATION AND SUBSIDIARIES

Target Price Per Share
Long-Term Incentive Shares
$13.00
235,625
$16.00
235,625
$20.00
471,250
$25.00
471,250
$30.00
471,250

The Company recorded total stock compensation expense of $1.1 million and $1.1 million for the three months ended June 30, 2018 and 2017, respectively. The Company recorded total stock compensation expense of $2.2 million and $2.1 million for the six months ended June 30, 2018 and 2017, respectively. The total unrecognized stock compensation expense at June 30, 2018, is approximately $12.2 million, which is expected to be recognized over a weighted average period of 2.0 years.

10. WARRANTS
 
During the six months ended June 30, 2018, no warrant holders exercised any warrants.

As of June 30, 2018, outstanding warrants were as follows: 
Exercise Price
 
Warrants Outstanding and Vested
 
Remaining Life (Years)
$12.65
 
158,116
 
1.41

11. INCOME TAXES

The Company’s quarterly provision for income taxes is measured using an estimated annual effective tax rate, subsequently adjusted for discrete items that occur within the quarter. The Company used a discrete effective rate method during the second quarter of 2017, as the estimated annual effective tax rate method would not have provided a reliable estimate for the quarter. The provision for income taxes for the three months ended June 30, 2018 and 2017, was a benefit of $2.1 million and an expense of $3.1 million, respectively. The effective tax rate for the three months ended June 30, 2018 and 2017, was 15.7% and negative 20.0%, respectively.

The provision for income taxes for the six months ended June 30, 2018 and 2017, was a benefit of $2.9 million and an expense of $3.1 million, respectively. The effective tax rate for the six months ended June 30, 2018 and 2017, was 16.3% and negative 15.4%, respectively. The increase in the effective tax rate was primarily affected by the December 2017 Tax Act tax reform legislation (the Tax Act), which enabled the Company to offset its indefinite lived intangible deferred tax liability with certain deferred tax assets that are now considered to have an indefinite life. During the three and six months ended June 30, 2018, the Company was able to recognize the deferred tax benefit created by the current period loss.

As a result of the adoption of ASU 2016-09 in the first quarter of 2017, the Company recorded a cumulative effect adjustment to increase deferred tax assets for the federal and state net operating losses attributable to excess tax benefits from stock-based compensation that had not been previously recognized. The impact was an increase to the deferred tax assets associated with net operating losses of approximately $0.5 million, which was offset by a corresponding increase to the valuation allowance. All excess tax benefits and deficiencies in the current and future periods will be recognized within the quarterly provision for income taxes during the reporting period in which they occur. This may result in increased volatility in the Company’s effective tax rate.

The Tax Act made significant changes in U.S. tax law including a reduction in the corporate tax rates, changes to net operating loss carryforward and carryback, interest expense deduction limitations, and a repeal of the corporate alternative minimum tax. Several of these changes are expected to impact the Company and have been included in the calculation of the quarterly provision for the three and six months ended June 30, 2018.

As noted in the Annual Report on Form 10-K for the year ended December 31, 2017, the Company recorded provisional estimates for valuation allowance reversal to certain state deferred tax assets based upon existing state tax law conformity to federal tax laws.  State legislative actions and conformity to the Tax Act continue to develop during 2018. Management is still analyzing the impact of state law conformity changes. The provisional estimates for state valuation allowance may change as a result of this analysis and are not expected to be material. In other areas of the Tax Act that had an impact, the Company was able to make reasonable estimates and has recorded provisional amounts.  There are no material elements of the Tax Act for which the Company was unable to make a reasonable estimate. Once the analysis is complete the Company expects to finalize its assessment during the one year measurement period as prescribed by the Staff Accounting Bulletin 118 and ASU 2018-05.


24

THE KEYW HOLDING CORPORATION AND SUBSIDIARIES

The Company initially recorded a full valuation allowance against the Company’s deferred tax assets during the second quarter of 2015 due to uncertainty surrounding the recognition of its net deferred tax assets. As described above, with the passage of the Tax Act, the Company believes it can utilize certain deferred tax assets that are no longer considered to have definite lives and reversed a portion of its valuation allowance in the fourth quarter of 2017. The Company continues to maintain a valuation allowance against certain deferred tax assets with definite lives due to its history of pretax losses. In evaluating the Company’s ability to realize the deferred tax assets it considered all available positive and negative evidence, including cumulative historical earnings, reversal of temporary differences, projected taxable income and tax planning strategies. The Company’s deferred tax assets will be evaluated in subsequent reporting periods by management using the same weighted positive and negative evidence to determine if a change in valuation allowance is required.

12. SUBSEQUENT EVENTS
 
On July 27, 2018, the Company received a proposed modification from the prime contractor on the Company’s largest flight services program which, in its proposed form, would shorten the contractual period of performance to end in 2018.  The Company is evaluating what impact the modification could have on its future operations and its financial results. Management does not currently expect the modification to have a material impact on its results of operations in 2018.




25

THE KEYW HOLDING CORPORATION AND SUBSIDIARIES


ITEM 2.
MANAGEMENT’S DISCUSSION AND ANALYSIS OF FINANCIAL CONDITION AND RESULTS OF OPERATIONS

The following discussion provides information that management believes is relevant to an assessment and an understanding of the Company’s operations and financial condition. This discussion should be read in conjunction with the attached unaudited condensed consolidated financial statements and accompanying notes as well as our Annual Report on Form 10-K for the year ended December 31, 2017, filed with the Securities and Exchange Commission on March 16, 2018.

FORWARD-LOOKING STATEMENTS
The matters discussed in this Quarterly Report may constitute forward-looking statements within the meaning of The Private Securities Litigation Reform Act of 1995. These statements involve known and unknown risks, uncertainties, and other factors that may cause our actual results, activity levels, performance or achievements to be materially different from any future results, activity levels, performance or achievements expressed or implied by such forward-looking statements. In some cases, you can identify these statements by forward-looking words such as “could”, “expect”, “estimate”, “may”, “potential”, “will”, and “would”, or similar words. You should read statements that contain these words carefully because they discuss our future expectations, contain projections of our future results of operations or of our financial position, or state other forward-looking information. There may be events in the future that we are not able to predict or control accurately, and numerous factors may cause events, our results of operations, financial performance, achievements, or industry performance, to differ materially from those reflected in the forward-looking statements. The factors listed in the section captioned “Risk Factors” contained in our Annual Report on Form 10-K for the year ended December 31, 2017, filed with the Securities and Exchange Commission on March 16, 2018, as well as any other cautionary language in this Quarterly Report, provide examples of such risks, uncertainties, and events.

Actual results may differ materially and adversely from those expressed in any forward-looking statements. You should not place undue reliance on these forward-looking statements, which apply only as of the date of this Quarterly Report. Subsequent events and developments may cause our views to change. While we may elect to update the forward-looking statements at some point in the future, we specifically disclaim any obligation to do so.
 
DESCRIPTION OF THE COMPANY
We are a highly specialized provider of advanced engineering and technology solutions to support the collection, processing, analysis and dissemination of information across the full spectrum of the Intelligence, Cyber and Counterterrorism Communities’ missions. Our solutions protect our nation and its allies, and are designed to meet the critical needs of agile intelligence and U.S. Government national security priorities. Our core capabilities include advanced cyber operations and training; geospatial intelligence; cloud and data analytics; engineering; and intelligence analysis and operations. Our other offerings include a suite of Intelligence Surveillance and Reconnaissance (ISR) solutions deployed from an advanced sensor delivery platform, proprietary products-including electro-optical, hyperspectral and synthetic aperture radar sensors-and other products that we manufacture and integrate with hardware and software to meet unique and evolving intelligence mission requirements.

Our solutions focus on Intelligence Community (IC) customers, including the Federal Bureau of Investigation (FBI), Department of Homeland Security (DHS), National Security Agency (NSA), the National Geospatial Intelligence Agency (NGA), the Army Geospatial Center (AGC) and other agencies within the IC and Department of Defense (DoD). In addition, we provide products and services to U.S. federal, state and local law enforcement agencies, foreign governments and other entities in the Cyber and Counterterrorism markets. We believe the combination of our advanced solutions, understanding of our customers’ mission; longstanding and successful customer relationships; operational capabilities; and highly skilled, cleared workforce will help expand our footprint in our core markets.

CRITICAL ACCOUNTING POLICIES
Management’s Discussion and Analysis of Financial Condition and Results of Operations are based upon our condensed consolidated financial statements that have been prepared in accordance with accounting principles generally accepted in the United States of America. The preparation of these financial statements requires management to make estimates and assumptions that affect the amounts reported in the financial statements and determine whether contingent assets and liabilities, if any, are disclosed in the financial statements. On an ongoing basis, we evaluate our estimates and assumptions, including those related to long-term contracts, product returns, bad debts, inventories, fixed asset lives, income taxes, environmental matters, litigation, and other contingencies. These estimates and assumptions are described in more detail in our Annual Report on Form 10-K for the year ended December 31, 2017. We base our estimates and assumptions on historical experience and on various factors that are believed to be reasonable under the circumstances, including current and expected economic conditions, the results of which form the basis for making judgments about the carrying values of assets and liabilities that are not readily apparent from other sources. Actual results may differ materially from our estimates under different assumptions or conditions. There have been no material

26

THE KEYW HOLDING CORPORATION AND SUBSIDIARIES

changes to our critical accounting policies, estimates and assumptions or the judgments affecting the application of those estimates and assumptions since the filing of our Annual Report on Form 10-K for year ended December 31, 2017.

SIGNIFICANT RECENT DEVELOPMENTS
Effective January 1, 2018, we adopted the requirements of Accounting Standards Update (ASU) 2014-09, Revenue from Contracts with Customers (Topic 606). Please refer to Note 2 to the accompanying financial statement for a discussion of the impact on our condensed consolidated financial statements.

Certain prior period amounts have been revised for the correction of immaterial errors. See Note 1 to the accompanying financial statement for a discussion of the impact on our condensed consolidated financial statements.

On July 27, 2018, the Company received a proposed modification from the prime contractor on the Company’s largest flight services program which, in its proposed form, would shorten the contractual period of performance to end in 2018. The Company is evaluating what impact the modification could have on its future operations and its financial results. Management does not currently expect the modification to have a material impact on its results of operations in 2018.

COMPARISON OF THREE MONTHS ENDED JUNE 30, 2018 AND JUNE 30, 2017
The following discussion and analysis should be read in conjunction with the unaudited condensed consolidated financial statements (and notes thereto) and other financial information of the Company appearing elsewhere in this report.

CONSOLIDATED OVERVIEW
(In thousands)
 
Three months ended June 30, 2018
 
% of Revenue
 
Three months ended June 30, 2017
 
% of Revenue
Revenue
 
$
128,140

 
100.0
 %
 
$
124,058

 
100.0
%
Cost of revenue
 
95,825

 
74.8
 %
 
94,528

 
76.2
%
Operating expenses
 
25,889

 
20.2
 %
 
36,476

 
29.4
%
Intangible amortization
 
2,738

 
2.1
 %
 
3,604

 
2.9
%
Interest expense, net
 
5,907

 
4.6
 %
 
4,914

 
4.0
%
Income tax (benefit) expense, net
 
(2,127
)
 
(1.7
)%
 
3,059

 
2.5
%

Revenue increased by $4.1 million, or 3.3%, for the three months ended June 30, 2018, compared with the three months ended June 30, 2017. The increase was primarily attributable to increased level of effort on existing business and increased product sales associated with our Intelligence, Surveillance and Reconnaissance (ISR) core focus area.
Cost of revenue increased by $1.3 million, or 1.4% for the quarter ended June 30, 2018, compared with the quarter ended June 30, 2017. The increase in the cost of revenue was driven largely by the increase in revenue discussed above.
Operating expenses for the three months ended June 30, 2018, decreased by $10.6 million and decreased as a percentage of revenue compared with the same period ended June 30, 2017. The decrease in operating expenses is due primarily to acquisition-related expenses incurred during the second quarter of 2017.
Intangible amortization expense decreased $0.9 million for the three months ended June 30, 2018, as certain intangible asset became fully amortized during the first half of 2018.
Interest expense increased $1.0 million for the quarter ended June 30, 2018 compared with the quarter ended June 30, 2017. The increase in interest expense was due primarily to higher interest expense related to borrowings under our new credit facility.

The effective tax rate was 15.7% and negative 20.0% for the three months ended June 30, 2018 and 2017, respectively. During the three months ended June 30, 2018, the Company was able to recognize the deferred tax benefit created by the current period loss. On December 22, 2017, the President of the United States signed into law the Tax Act tax reform legislation (the Tax Act). This legislation made significant changes in U.S. tax law including a reduction in the corporate tax rates, changes to net operating loss carryforward and carryback, limitation of the tax deduction for interest expense, and a repeal of the corporate alternative minimum tax. Several of these changes are expected to impact the Company and have been included in the calculation of the provision for the three months ended June 30, 2018. Under the new law, certain deferred tax assets are considered to have indefinite lives. As a result of this change, the Company reduced its valuation allowance against these deferred assets in the fourth quarter of 2017.


27

THE KEYW HOLDING CORPORATION AND SUBSIDIARIES

The Company recorded provisional estimates for valuation allowance reversal to certain state deferred tax assets based upon existing state tax law conformity to federal tax laws.  State legislative actions and conformity to the Tax Act continue to develop during 2018. Management is still analyzing the impact of state law conformity changes. The provisional estimates for state valuation allowance may change as a result of this analysis and are not expected to be material. In other areas of the Tax Act that had an impact, the Company was able to make reasonable estimates and has recorded provisional amounts.  There are no material elements of the Tax Act for which the Company was unable to make a reasonable estimate. Once the analysis is complete the Company expects to finalize its assessment during the one year measurement period as prescribed by the Staff Accounting Bulletin 118 and ASU 2018-05.

COMPARISON OF SIX MONTHS ENDED JUNE 30, 2018 AND JUNE 30, 2017
The following discussion and analysis should be read in conjunction with the unaudited condensed consolidated financial statements (and notes thereto) and other financial information of the Company appearing elsewhere in this report.

CONSOLIDATED OVERVIEW
(In thousands)
 
Six months ended June 30, 2018
 
% of Revenue
 
Six months ended June 30, 2017(1)
 
% of Revenue
Revenue
 
$
253,882

 
100.0
 %
 
$
192,314

 
100.0
%
Cost of revenue, excluding amortization
 
190,041

 
74.9
 %
 
142,646

 
74.2
%
Operating expenses
 
52,807

 
20.8
 %
 
56,891

 
29.6
%
Intangible amortization
 
6,679

 
2.6
 %
 
5,254

 
2.7
%
Interest expense, net
 
10,734

 
4.2
 %
 
7,523

 
3.9
%
Income tax (benefit) expense, net
 
(2,884
)
 
(1.1
)%
 
3,059

 
1.6
%
 
Revenue increased by $61.6 million, or 32.0%, for the six months ended June 30, 2018, compared to the six months ended June 30, 2017. The increase was primarily attributable to contracts acquired through the acquisition of Sotera Holdings Inc., a Delaware corporation and its wholly owned subsidiary Sotera Defense Solutions Inc., a Delaware corporation (Sotera).
Cost of revenue increased by $47.4 million or 33.2% for the six months ended June 30, 2018, compared with the period ended June 30, 2017. The increase in the cost of revenue was driven largely by the increase in revenue discussed above.
Operating expenses for the six months ended June 30, 2018, decreased by $4.1 million and decreased as a percentage of revenue compared to the same period ended June 30, 2017. The decrease in operating expenses is due primarily to acquisition-related expenses incurred during the second quarter of 2017.
Intangible amortization expense increased $1.4 million for the six months ended June 30, 2018, primarily due to additional amortization related to the Sotera acquisition, which was partially offset by certain intangible assets that became fully amortized during the first half of 2018.
Interest expense increased by $3.2 million for the six months ended June 30, 2018, compared with the six months ended June 30, 2017. The increase in interest expense was due primarily to higher interest expense associated with borrowings under our new credit facility.

The effective tax rate for the six months ended June 30, 2018 and 2017 was 16.3% and negative 15.4%, respectively. During the six months ended June 30, 2018, the Company was able to recognize the deferred tax benefit created by the current period loss. On December 22, 2017, the President of the United States signed into law the Tax Act. This legislation made significant changes in U.S. tax law including a reduction in the corporate tax rates, changes to net operating loss carryforward and carryback, limitation of the tax deduction for interest expense, and a repeal of the corporate alternative minimum tax. Several of these changes are expected to impact the Company and have been included in the calculation of the provision for the six months ended June 30, 2018. Under the new law, certain deferred tax assets are considered to have indefinite lives. As a result of this change, the Company reduced its valuation allowance against these deferred assets in the fourth quarter of 2017.

The Company recorded provisional estimates for valuation allowance reversal to certain state deferred tax assets based upon existing state tax law conformity to federal tax laws.  State legislative actions and conformity to the Tax Act continue to develop during 2018. Management is still analyzing the impact of state law conformity changes. The provisional estimates for state valuation allowance may change as a result of this analysis and are not expected to be material. In other areas of the Tax Act that had an impact, the Company was able to make reasonable estimates and has recorded provisional amounts.  There are no material elements of the Tax Act for which the Company was unable to make a reasonable estimate. Once the analysis is complete the

28

THE KEYW HOLDING CORPORATION AND SUBSIDIARIES

Company expects to finalize its assessment during the one year measurement period as prescribed by the Staff Accounting Bulletin 118 and ASU 2018-05.

LIQUIDITY AND CAPITAL RESOURCES
Cash and cash equivalents totaled $27.9 million at June 30, 2018. Our working capital, defined as current assets minus current liabilities, was $86.8 million, which represents an increase of approximately $40.1 million from December 31, 2017. At June 30, 2018, we were in compliance with all of our debt covenants under the 2018 Credit Facility.
Cash Flow from Operations
Net cash used in operating activities increased $8.6 million for the six months ended June 30, 2018, when compared to the prior year, primarily due to the timing of subcontractor and related payments. A number of non-cash adjustments contributed to our net loss for the six months ended June 30, 2018, including $11.4 million of loss on disposal of debt, $6.7 million of intangible amortization, $5.8 million of depreciation, $2.2 million of stock compensation expense, and $3.1 million of non-cash interest expense.

Cash Flow from Investing
Net cash used in investing activities decreased $237.7 million for the six months ended June 30, 2018, when compared to the prior year, primarily due to the acquisition of Sotera in the second quarter of 2017 for $236.1 million net of cash acquired.

Cash Flow from Financing
Net cash provided by financing activities decreased $199.4 million for the six months ended June 30, 2018, when compared to the prior year, primarily due to net proceeds of debt related transactions. During the six months ended June 30, 2018, the Company closed its new senior secured credit facilities, consisting of a $215 million First Lien Term Loan facility maturing in May 2024, a $75 million Second Lien Term Loan facility maturing in May 2025 and a $50 million senior secured Revolving Credit Facility maturing in May 2023. The drawn-down proceeds from the new credit facilities were used to pay off the company’s former credit facility and to repurchase approximately $126.9 million of the company’s 2.50% senior convertible notes pursuant to a tender offer completed in May 2018. During the six months ended June 30, 2017. the Company received $84.6 million of net proceeds from its January 2017 offering of common stock and $130.3 million of net proceeds from the April 2017 debt issuance.

2.5% Convertible Senior Notes

During the third quarter of 2014, the Company issued of $149.5 million aggregate principal amount of convertible senior notes (the Convertible Senior Notes) in an underwritten public offering. The Convertible Senior Notes bear interest at a rate of 2.50% per annum on the principal amount, payable semi-annually in arrears on January 15 and July 15 of each year, to holders of record at the close of business on the preceding January 1 and July 1, respectively. The Convertible Senior Notes mature on July 15, 2019, unless earlier repurchased or converted. The Company may not redeem the Convertible Senior Notes prior to their stated maturity date.

On April 13, 2018, the Company announced the commencement of a cash tender (the “Tender Offer”) by the Company to purchase any and all of its $149.5 million aggregate principal amount of outstanding Convertible Senior Notes in an amount equal to $1,000 per $1,000 principal amount of validly tendered and accepted Convertible Senior Notes purchased, plus accrued and unpaid interest. On May 16, 2018, the Tender Offer expired, prior to which approximately $126.9 million in Convertible Senior Notes were tendered and subsequently repurchased by the Company, in cash. As of June 30, 2018, the outstanding principal of the Convertible Senior Notes was $22.6 million

The remaining holders of the Convertible Senior Notes may convert their Convertible Senior Notes at their option under the following circumstances: (i) during any calendar quarter commencing after the calendar quarter ending September 30, 2014, if the last reported sale price of the Company’s common stock for at least 20 trading days (whether or not consecutive) in the period of 30 consecutive trading days ending on the last trading day of the immediately preceding calendar quarter is greater than or equal to 130% of the conversion price for the Convertible Senior Notes on each applicable trading day; (ii) during the five business day period immediately after any five consecutive trading day period in which the trading price per $1,000 principal amount of Convertible Senior Notes for each trading day of that period was less than 98% of the product of the last reported sale price of Company’s common stock and the conversion rate for the Convertible Senior Notes for each such trading day; or (iii) upon the occurrence of specified corporate events. On and after January 15, 2019, holders may convert their Convertible Senior Notes at any time, regardless of the foregoing circumstances.

Upon conversion, the Company will settle the Convertible Senior Notes in cash, shares of Company common stock or a combination of cash and shares of Company common stock, at the Company’s election. The Convertible Senior Notes have an initial conversion rate of 67.41 shares of common shares per $1,000 principal amount of the Convertible Senior Notes, which is equal to an initial

29

THE KEYW HOLDING CORPORATION AND SUBSIDIARIES

conversion price of approximately $14.83 per common share. The conversion price is subject to adjustments upon the occurrence of certain specified events.

In addition, upon the occurrence of a fundamental change (as defined in the Indenture), holders of the Convertible Senior Notes may require the Company to repurchase the Convertible Senior Notes at a purchase price of 100% of the principal amount of the Convertible Senior Notes, plus accrued and unpaid interest, if any, to, but excluding, the fundamental change repurchase date.


2018 Credit Facility

On May 8, 2018, Opco entered into a $340 million senior secured credit facility (the 2018 Credit Facility), which consists of a $215 million First Lien Term Loan facility (the 2018 First Lien Term Loan Facility), a $75 million Second Lien Term Loan facility (the 2018 Second Lien Term Loan Facility) and a $50 million senior secured Revolving Credit Facility (the 2018 Revolving Loan Facility). The terms of the 2018 Credit Facility are set forth in the First Lien Credit Agreement and the Second Lien Credit Agreement (collectively, the 2018 Credit Agreements) dated as of May 8, 2018 (the Closing Date) by and among Opco, as the borrower, the Company, the several lenders party thereto, Royal Bank of Canada (RBC), as administrative agent and collateral agent (the Agent), and RBC, Fifth Third Bank, JPMorgan Chase Bank and SunTrust Robinson Humphrey, Inc., as the joint lead arrangers and joint bookrunners. Subject to the terms and conditions of the 2018 Credit Agreements, on May 8, 2018, Opco borrowed an aggregate of $215 million under the 2018 First Term Loan Facility and $75 million under the 2018 Second Term Loan Facility (collectively the Term Loan Proceeds). The Company used a most of the Term Loan Proceeds to pay off the credit facility we entered into in 2017 (the 2017 Credit Facility) and repurchase $126.9 million of the outstanding the Convertible Senior Notes through a tender offer.

Interest Rates
Borrowings under the 2018 Credit Agreements were and will be incurred in U.S. Dollars. All borrowings under the 2018 Credit Agreements may, at our option, be incurred as either eurodollar loans (Eurodollar Loans) or base rate loans (Base Rate Loans).

In regards to the 2018 First Lien Term Loan Facility and the 2018 Revolving Loan Facility:

Eurodollar Loans will accrue interest, for any interest period, at the Eurodollar Rate (as defined in the First Lien Credit Agreement) plus (b) an applicable margin of 4.5%.

Base Rate Loans will accrue interest, for any interest period, at (a) a base rate per annum equal to the highest of (i) the Federal funds rate plus 0.5%; (ii) the prime commercial lending rate announced by the RBCfrom time to time as its prime lending rate; and (iii) the Eurodollar Rate for a one month interest period plus 1.00%, plus (b) an applicable margin of 3.5%.

The applicable margin for borrowings may be decreased if our consolidated net leverage ratio decreases.

In regards to the 2018 Second Lien Term Loan Facility:

Eurodollar Loans will accrue interest, for any interest period, at (a) the Eurodollar Rate (as defined in the 2018 Credit Agreements) plus (b) an applicable margin of 8.75%.

Base Rate Loans will accrue interest, for any interest period, at (a) a base rate per annum equal to the highest of (i) the Federal funds rate plus 0.5%; (ii) the prime commercial lending rate announced by the RBC from time to time as its prime lending rate; and (iii) the Eurodollar Rate for a one month interest period plus 1.00%, plus (b) an applicable margin of 7.75%.

Maturity Dates
The 2018 Revolving Loan Facility matures on May 8, 2023, the 2018 First Lien Term Loan Facility matures on May 8, 2024, and the 2018 Second Lien Term Loan Facility matures on May 8, 2025.

Payments
Voluntary prepayments of the 2018 First Lien Term Loan Facility are permitted at any time, in minimum principal amounts, without premium or penalty, subject to a 1.00% premium payable in connection with certain repricing transactions within the first six months after the Closing Date.


30

THE KEYW HOLDING CORPORATION AND SUBSIDIARIES

Voluntary prepayments of the 2018 Second Lien Term Loan Facility are subject to a 2.00% premium on all principal amounts prepaid prior to the first anniversary of the Closing Date and a 1.00% premium on all principal amounts prepaid after the first anniversary of the Closing Date and prior to the second anniversary of the Closing Date. No premium is applied to principal amounts prepaid after the second anniversary of the Closing Date.

The 2018 First Lien Term Loan Facility requires scheduled quarterly payments in an amount equal to $0.5 million with the remaining balance payable on the maturity date. No scheduled payments are required for the 2018 Revolving Loan Facility and the 2018 Second Lien Term Loan Facility prior to each respective maturity date.

Mandatory Prepayments
Amounts outstanding under the 2018 Credit Agreements will be subject to mandatory prepayments, subject to customary exceptions, from the net cash proceeds to us from certain asset sales or recovery events.

Beginning with the fiscal year 2019, and interim periods therein, the Company will be required to remit up to 50% of excess cash flow, based on the total net leverage ratio. The excess cash flow percentage are 50%, 25%, and 0% based on the total leverage ratios of 4.50 to 1.00, 4.00 to 1.00, and less than 4.00 to 1.00, respectively. Any mandatory excess cash flow payments will be reduced by voluntary prepayments

Certain Covenants and Events of Default
The 2018 Credit Agreements contain affirmative and negative covenants that are customary for credit agreements of this nature. The negative covenants include, among other things, limitations on asset sales, mergers and acquisitions, indebtedness, liens, investments and transactions with affiliates. The First Lien Credit Agreement and the Second Lien Credit Agreement each contain one financial covenant:

The First Lien Credit Agreement stipulates a maximum total leverage ratio of consolidated total indebtedness to consolidated earnings before interest, taxes, depreciation and amortization and other adjustments described in the Credit Agreement (Consolidated EBITDA) for the trailing four consecutive quarters of (a) 7.25 to 1.00 for any quarter ending on or prior to March 31, 2019; (b) 6.75 to 1.00 for any quarter thereafter ending on or prior to December 31, 2019; (c) 6.50 to 1.00 for any quarter thereafter ending on or prior to September 30, 2020; (d) 6.25 to 1.00 for any quarter thereafter ending on or prior to September 30, 2021; (e) 6.00 to 1.00 for any quarter thereafter ending on or prior to September 30, 2022; (f) 5.75 to 1.00 for any quarter thereafter.

The Second Lien Credit Agreement stipulates a maximum total leverage ratio of consolidated total indebtedness to Consolidated EBITDA for the trailing four consecutive quarters of (a) 7.75 to 1.00 for any quarter ending on or prior to March 31, 2019; (b) 7.25 to 1.00 for any quarter thereafter ending on or prior to December 31, 2019; (c) 7.00 to 1.00 for any quarter thereafter ending on or prior to September 30, 2020; (d) 6.75 to 1.00 for any quarter thereafter ending on or prior to September 30, 2021; (e) 6.50 to 1.00 for any quarter thereafter ending on or prior to September 30, 2022; (f) 6.25 to 1.00 for any quarter thereafter.

The 2018 Credit Agreements include customary events of default that include, among other things, non-payment defaults, inaccuracy of representations and warranties, covenant defaults, cross default to material indebtedness, bankruptcy and insolvency defaults, material judgment defaults, Employee Retirement Income Security Act of 1974 (ERISA) defaults and a change of control default. The occurrence of an event of default could result in the acceleration of the obligations under the 2018 Credit Agreements and cross-default our other indebtedness.

At June 30, 2018, the Company was in compliance with all of its debt covenants under the 2018 Credit Agreements.

Security
The Company's obligations under the 2018 Credit Agreements are secured by a pledge of substantially all of its and each other guarantors’ assets, including a pledge of the equity interests in certain of Opco’s domestic and first-tier foreign subsidiaries, subject to customary exceptions.


31

THE KEYW HOLDING CORPORATION AND SUBSIDIARIES


ITEM 3.    QUANTITATIVE AND QUALITATIVE DISCLOSURES ABOUT MARKET RISK
 
In addition to the risks inherent in our operations, we are exposed to financial, market, political and economic risks. The following discussion provides additional detail regarding our exposure to interest rates and foreign exchange rate risks.
 
Interest Rate Risk
Our exposure to market risk relates to changes in interest rates for borrowings under our 2018 Credit Facility. A hypothetical 1% increase in interest rates would have increased our interest expense by approximately $0.9 million for the six months ended June 30, 2018, and likewise decreased our income and cash flows.
 
Foreign Exchange Risk
We currently do not have any material foreign currency risk, and accordingly estimate that an immediate 10 percent change in foreign exchange rates would not have a material impact on our reported net income. We do not currently utilize any derivative financial instruments to hedge foreign currency risks.

Equity Price Risk
We do not currently own nor have we ever owned any marketable equity investments to include marketable equity securities and equity derivative instruments such as warrants and options. Therefore, since we do not currently own investments that are subject to market price volatility, our equity price risk is very low.


ITEM    4.    CONTROLS AND PROCEDURES
 
Evaluation of Disclosure Controls and Procedures
We maintain disclosure controls and procedures that are designed to ensure that information required to be disclosed in our filings and submissions to the Securities and Exchange Commission (the “SEC”) under the Securities Exchange Act of 1934 (the Exchange Act) is recorded, processed, and reported within the time periods specified in the SEC’s rules and forms. Such controls include those designed to ensure that information is accumulated and communicated to management, including our Chief Executive Officer (“CEO”) and Chief Financial Officer (“CFO”), as appropriate, to allow timely decisions regarding required disclosures.

An evaluation was conducted under the supervision and with the participation of management, including the CEO and CFO, on the effectiveness of our disclosure controls and procedures, as such term is defined in Rules 13a-15(e) and 15d-15(e) under the Exchange Act. Based on this evaluation, the CEO and CFO concluded that as of December 31, 2017, our disclosure controls and procedures were not effective because of the material weaknesses described in Management's Annual Report on Internal Control Over Financial Reporting contained in our Annual Report on Form 10-K for the year ended December 31, 2017, filed with the Securities and Exchange Commission on March 16, 2018. As a result of the material weaknesses identified at December 31, 2017, management has implemented processes and procedures to remediate the identified material weaknesses.

We have also conducted an evaluation, under the supervision and with the participation of our management, including our CEO and CFO, pursuant to Rule 13a-15 of the Exchange Act, of the effectiveness of the design and operation of our disclosure controls and procedures as of June 30, 2018. Based on that evaluation, our CEO and CFO concluded that, because testing over the remediation of the material weaknesses in our internal controls over financial reporting described above had not been fully completed as of June 30, 2018, our disclosure controls and procedures were not proven to be effective as of June 30, 2018.
Notwithstanding the existence of these material weaknesses, our management has concluded that our condensed consolidated financial statements in this Quarterly Report on Form 10-Q fairly present, in all material respects, our financial position, results of operations and cash flows for all periods and dates presented.

Management’s Remediation Plan Status
As of the filing of this Quarterly Report on Form 10-Q, management has substantially completed the implementation of our remediation efforts to address the identified material weaknesses.
Control Environment - The Company implemented changes to the Company’s control environment which included the following: (i) hired five new key accounting team members with the appropriate experience, certifications, education, and training including a new Chief Accounting Officer, Director of Technical Accounting (new position responsible for monitoring and reviewing all unique, complex, and/or significant accounting transactions), and Director of Internal Controls and SOX Compliance (new position responsible for overseeing the design of controls, remediation of prior

32

THE KEYW HOLDING CORPORATION AND SUBSIDIARIES

control deficiencies, and enhancement of control activities); (ii) evaluated the competence of other accounting personnel, including outsourced service providers, and made necessary adjustments; (iii) developed and delivered several control related trainings to senior-level management, control owners, control preparers, and accounting personnel; (vii) completed a robust review of all internal controls to strengthen documentation, validate processes, and communicate accountability for performance of internal control related responsibilities; (v) established an Internal Controls Council that includes key control owners across the organization and directly enforces accountability and ownership over internal control responsibilities and (vi) implemented a quarterly management sub-representation letter process where key members of management certify to the accuracy of and completeness of financial data, disclosures, and internal controls.
Control Activities - The Company completed specific actions to improve the performance of internal control activities including: (i) enhanced process and control documentation including the development of detailed control checklists that identify control owners, critical design and control elements, and responsibilities for effectively performing controls; (ii) implemented automated workflows to reduce reliance on manual processes in support of timely and effective control activities; and (iii) created and enforced adherence to a quarterly certification of internal controls by control owners and preparers.
In the process of performing remediated control activities associated with a material weakness related property and equipment, including a physical inventory, we identified errors primarily in the accounting for self-constructed assets. As disclosed in Note 1of the Condensed Consolidated Financial Statements included as Item 1 of this Quarterly Report, we assessed the materiality of these errors on our financial statements for prior periods and concluded that they were not material to any prior annual or interim periods; however, the aggregate amount of the prior period corrections of immaterial errors through March 31, 2018, would have been material to the quarterly amounts within our current Condensed Consolidated Statements of Operations. Consequently, we have corrected these errors for all prior years presented by revising the consolidated financial statements and other financial information presented.
As noted, management has taken significant steps to strengthen the Company’s internal controls over financial reporting. Management believes that the new processes and controls discussed above provide an appropriate remediation of the material weaknesses; however, effectiveness of the controls has not been fully tested by management. Due to the nature of the remediation process and the need to allow adequate time after implementation to evaluate and test the effectiveness of the controls, no assurance can be given as to the timing of achievement of official remediation. The material weaknesses will be deemed fully remediated when the revised control processes have been operating for a sufficient period of time and tested by management.

Changes in Internal Control over Financial Reporting
Except for the implementation of the remediation measures described above, there have not been any changes in our internal control over financial reporting (as defined in Rules 13a-15(f) and 15d-15(f) under the Exchange Act) that occurred during the quarter ended June 30, 2018 that have materially affected, or are reasonably likely to materially affect, our internal control over financial reporting.

33

THE KEYW HOLDING CORPORATION AND SUBSIDIARIES


PART II - OTHER INFORMATION

ITEM 1.     LEGAL PROCEEDINGS

As of June 30, 2018, and the date of this filing, the Company is not party to any material on-going legal proceedings.

ITEM 1A.    RISK FACTORS

Part I, Item 1A. Risk Factors in our Annual Report on Form 10-K for the year ended December 31, 2017, includes certain risk factors that could materially affect our business, financial condition, or future results. There have been no material changes from the risk factors previously disclosed under “Risk Factors” in our Annual Report on Form 10-K for the year ended December 31, 2017.

ITEM 2.    UNREGISTERED SALES OF EQUITY SECURITIES AND USE OF PROCEEDS

During the six months ended June 30, 2018, 100,000 long-term incentive share rights were granted to a new hire outside of the 2013 Plan, in accordance with Section 4(2) of the Securities Act of 1933.

ITEM 6.    EXHIBITS

Exhibits – See Exhibit Index 

34

THE KEYW HOLDING CORPORATION AND SUBSIDIARIES



SIGNATURES
 
Pursuant to the requirements of the Securities Exchange Act of 1934, the registrant has duly caused this report to be signed on its behalf by the undersigned thereunto duly authorized.
 
 
 
THE KEYW HOLDING CORPORATION
 
 
 
 
Date:
August 1, 2018
By:
/s/ William J. Weber
 
 
William J. Weber
 
 
President and Chief Executive Officer
 
 
 
 
Date:
August 1, 2018
By:
/s/ Michael J. Alber
 
 
Michael J. Alber
 
 
Executive Vice President and Chief Financial Officer

 

35

THE KEYW HOLDING CORPORATION AND SUBSIDIARIES


Exhibit No.
 
Exhibit Description
 
 
 
 
 
3.1
 
(1) 
 
 
 
  
3.2
 
(2) 
 
 
 
 
3.3
 
(3) 
 
 
 
  
4.1
 
(4) 
 
 
 
  
4.2
 
(5) 
 
 
 
 
4.3
 
(5) 
 
 
 
 
4.4
 
(5) 
 
 
 
 
10.1***
 
(6) 
 
 
 
 
10.2
 
(7) 
 
 
 
 
10.3
 
(8) 
 
 
 
 
10.4***
 
(9) 
 
 
 
 
31.1
 
x
 
 
 
 
31.2
 
x
 
 
 
 
32.1*
 
x
 
 
 
 
101.INS**
 
XBRL Instance Document
x
 
 
 
 
101.SCH**
 
XBRL Taxonomy Extension Schema Document
x
 
 
 
 
101.CAL**
 
XBRL Taxonomy Extension Calculation Linkbase Document
x
 
 
 
 
101.LAB**
 
XBRL Taxonomy Extension Label Linkbase Document
x
 
 
 
 

36

THE KEYW HOLDING CORPORATION AND SUBSIDIARIES

101.PRE**
 
XBRL Taxonomy Extension Presentation Linkbase Document
x
 
 
 
 
101.DEF**
 
XBRL Taxonomy Extension Definition Linkbase Document
x
 
x
Filed herewith.

(1)
Filed as Exhibit 3.1 to the Registrant's Form 10-K filed March 29, 2011, File No. 001-34891.
(2)
Filed as Exhibit 3.1 to the Registrant's Form 8-K filed July 15, 2014, File No. 001-34891.
(3)
Filed as Exhibit 3.1 to the Registrant's Form 8-K reporting under Items 5.02, 5.03, 5.07, filed August 15, 2014, File No. 001-34891.
(4)
Filed as Exhibit 4.1 to Pre-Effective Amendment No. 4 to the Registrant's Registration Statement on Form S-1, filed September 30, 2010, File No. 333-167608.
(5)
Filed as Exhibits 4.1 and 4.2 respectively to the Registrant’s Current Report on Form 8-K filed July 21, 2014, File No. 001-38491.
(6)
Filed as Annex B to the Registrant’s Definitive Proxy Statement on Schedule 14A with respect to the Registrant’s 2018 Annual Meeting of Stockholders, filed April 6, 2018.
(7)
Filed as Exhibit 10.1 to the Registrant’s Current Report on Form 8-K, filed May 8, 2018.
(8)
Filed as Exhibit 10.2 to the Registrant’s Current Report on Form 8-K, filed May 8, 2018.

(9)
Filed as Exhibit 10.1 to the Registrant’s Current Report on Form 8-K, filed June 6, 2018.

*
This exhibit is being “furnished” with this periodic report and are not deemed “filed” with the Securities and Exchange Commission and are not incorporated by reference in any filing of the Company under the Securities Act of 1933 or the Securities Exchange Act of 1934, whether made before or after the date hereof and irrespective of any general incorporation by reference language in any such filing.

**
Pursuant to Regulation S-T, this interactive data file is deemed not filed or part of a registration statement or prospectus for purposes of Sections 11 or 12 of the Securities Act of 1933, is deemed not filed for purposes of Section 18 of the Securities Exchange Act of 1934, and otherwise is not subject to liability under these sections.

***
Indicates management contract or compensatory plan, contract or arrangement.


37
Exhibit


Exhibit 31.1
 
The KeyW Holding Corporation
 
CERTIFICATION
 
I, William J. Weber, certify that:
1.
 I have reviewed this quarterly report on Form 10-Q of The KeyW Holding Corporation;
2.
Based on my knowledge, this report does not contain any untrue statement of a material fact or omit to state a material fact necessary to make the statements made, in light of the circumstances under which such statements were made, not misleading with respect to the period covered by this report;
3.
Based on my knowledge, the financial statements, and other financial information included in this report, fairly present in all material respects the financial condition, results of operations and cash flows of the registrant as of, and for, the periods presented in this report;
4.
The registrant’s other certifying officer(s) and I are responsible for establishing and maintaining disclosure controls and procedures (as defined in Exchange Act Rules 13a-15 (e) and 15d-15 (e)) and internal control over financial reporting (as defined in Exchange Act Rules 13a-15(f) and 15-d-15(f)) for the registrant and have:
a.
Designed such disclosure controls and procedures, or caused such disclosure controls and procedures to be designed under our supervision, to ensure that material information relating to the registrant, including its consolidated subsidiaries, is made known to us by others within those entities, particularly during the period in which this report is being prepared;
b.
Designed such internal control over financial reporting, or caused such internal control over financial reporting to be designed under our supervision, to provide reasonable assurance regarding the reliability of financial reporting and the preparation of financial statements for external purposes in accordance with generally accepted accounting principles;
c.
Evaluated the effectiveness of the registrant’s disclosure controls and procedures and presented in this report our conclusions about the effectiveness of the disclosure controls and procedures, as of the end of the period covered by this report based on such evaluation; and
d.
Disclosed in this report any change in the registrant’s internal control over financial reporting that occurred during the registrant’s most recent fiscal quarter (the registrant’s fourth fiscal quarter in the case of an annual report) that has materially affected, or is reasonably likely to materially affect, the registrant’s internal control over financial reporting; and
5.
The registrant’s other certifying officer(s) and I have disclosed, based on our most recent evaluation of internal control over financial reporting, to the registrant’s auditors and the audit committee of the registrant’s board of directors (or persons performing the equivalent functions):
a.
All significant deficiencies and material weaknesses in the design or operation of internal control over financial reporting which are reasonably likely to adversely affect the registrant’s ability to record, process, summarize and report financial information; and
b.
Any fraud, whether or not material, that involves management or other employees who have a significant role in the registrant’s internal control over financial reporting.

Date:
August 1, 2018
/s/ William J. Weber
 
 
William J. Weber
 
 
President and Chief Executive Officer
  


Exhibit


Exhibit 31.2
 
The KeyW Holding Corporation
 
CERTIFICATION
 
I, Michael J. Alber, certify that:
1.
 I have reviewed this quarterly report on Form 10-Q of The KeyW Holding Corporation;
2.
Based on my knowledge, this report does not contain any untrue statement of a material fact or omit to state a material fact necessary to make the statements made, in light of the circumstances under which such statements were made, not misleading with respect to the period covered by this report;
3.
Based on my knowledge, the financial statements, and other financial information included in this report, fairly present in all material respects the financial condition, results of operations and cash flows of the registrant as of, and for, the periods presented in this report;
4.
The registrant’s other certifying officer(s) and I are responsible for establishing and maintaining disclosure controls and procedures (as defined in Exchange Act Rules 13a-15 (e) and 15d-15 (e)) and internal control over financial reporting (as defined in Exchange Act Rules 13a-15(f) and 15-d-15(f)) for the registrant and have:
a.
Designed such disclosure controls and procedures, or caused such disclosure controls and procedures to be designed under our supervision, to ensure that material information relating to the registrant, including its consolidated subsidiaries, is made known to us by others within those entities, particularly during the period in which this report is being prepared;
b.
Designed such internal control over financial reporting, or caused such internal control over financial reporting to be designed under our supervision, to provide reasonable assurance regarding the reliability of financial reporting and the preparation of financial statements for external purposes in accordance with generally accepted accounting principles;
c.
Evaluated the effectiveness of the registrant’s disclosure controls and procedures and presented in this report our conclusions about the effectiveness of the disclosure controls and procedures, as of the end of the period covered by this report based on such evaluation; and
d.
Disclosed in this report any change in the registrant’s internal control over financial reporting that occurred during the registrant’s most recent fiscal quarter (the registrant’s fourth fiscal quarter in the case of an annual report) that has materially affected, or is reasonably likely to materially affect, the registrant’s internal control over financial reporting; and
5.
The registrant’s other certifying officer(s) and I have disclosed, based on our most recent evaluation of internal control over financial reporting, to the registrant’s auditors and the audit committee of the registrant’s board of directors (or persons performing the equivalent functions):
a.
All significant deficiencies and material weaknesses in the design or operation of internal control over financial reporting which are reasonably likely to adversely affect the registrant’s ability to record, process, summarize and report financial information; and
b.
Any fraud, whether or not material, that involves management or other employees who have a significant role in the registrant’s internal control over financial reporting.

Date:
August 1, 2018
/s/ Michael J. Alber
 
 
Michael J. Alber
 
 
Executive Vice President and Chief Financial Officer
 


Exhibit


Exhibit 32.1
 
CERTIFICATION
 
Each of the undersigned hereby certifies, for the purposes of Section 1350 of Chapter 63 of Title 18 of the United States Code, as adopted pursuant to Section 906 of the Sarbanes-Oxley Act of 2002, in his capacity as an officer of The KeyW Holding Corporation (“KeyW”), that, to the best of his knowledge and belief, the Quarterly Report of KeyW on Form 10-Q for the period ended June 30, 2018, fully complies with the requirements of Section 13(a) or 15(d) of the Securities Exchange Act of 1934 and that the information contained in such report fairly presents, in all material respects, the financial condition and results of operations of KeyW.
 
Date:
August 1, 2018
By:  
/s/ William J. Weber
 
 
 
William J. Weber
 
 
 
President and Chief Executive Officer
 
Date:
August 1, 2018
By:  
/s/ Michael J. Alber
 
 
 
Michael J. Alber
 
 
 
Executive Vice President and Chief Financial Officer
 
This written statement is being furnished to the Securities and Exchange Commission as an exhibit to such Form 10-Q. A signed original of this statement has been provided to KeyW and will be retained by KeyW and furnished to the Securities and Exchange Commission or its staff upon request.